Orthodontics is the Dentistry specialism which involves the study, diagnosis and treatment of badly positioned teeth and maxillary deformities.
The aim of this discipline is to ensure that teeth are aligned and that the mouth and the face have the correct functional balance, while at the same time improving dental aesthetics.
Orthodontics for children and adolescents
It is very important to go to the dentist from a young age (4 or 5 onwards) in order to plan the most suitable time to start treatment, depending on the problems the child may have. You should not wait until the child already has all of their permanent teeth.
While the patient is still growing, all well as ensuring tooth alignment, it is also possible to modify maxillary and mandibular growth, to a greater or a lesser extent. It is for that reason that it is so important to be able to monitor the patient in order to decide on the best time to start treatment.
When dental replacement is complete and the child has all of his or her permanent teeth, this is the time to permanently correct any badly positioned teeth.
Orthodontics for adults
Orthodontics is currently available for patients of all ages. Adults can also correct the position of their teeth, improve their function and achieve a BEAUTIFUL smile. It is also more common to see adults wearing braces these days.
An improvement in the positioning of teeth in adults, can lead to easier dental hygiene, thus achieving an improvement in their periodontal state, their occlusal stability and a notable difference in the aesthetics of their smile.
In the university clinic we offer you the most advanced techniques and the most innovative orthodontic treatment: conventional braces, aesthetic braces, tongue braces, and elastic aligners .
In comparison to traditional braces, it is possible to use braces on the inside of teeth, what we call lingual orthodontics, which ensures that tooth alignment is achieved practically invisibly. This is the ideal treatment for people who due to their professional or social activities aim to avoid the aesthetic impact which braces have on their image while the treatment is ongoing.
Orthodontics using elastic aligners is a suitable treatment for aligning teeth without the need to wear braces. This treatment is not suitable for all patients. It will be necessary to undertake a detailed analysis of each case in order to determine whether the person is a suitable candidate. If this is the case then some individual transparent aligners will be created which will move your teeth gradually. The advantage of this treatment is that, since the aligners are transparent, they can be worn throughout the day without this affecting your appearance and you can also avoid the injuries cause by traditional braces.
Advice from our specialists
It is essential that good dental hygiene is ensured during your orthodontic treatment. Without this, plaque and food can accumulate around your braces. The bacteria in the plaque react to sugar and food traces and create an acid that can break down your tooth enamel, leaving white marks on them, caries or problems with your gums.
Use toothpaste with fluoride in it and a toothbrush with soft rounded bristles, which are in good condition. Buy a new toothbrush when it is damaged, braces wear them out quickly.
Brush all around every part of your braces and every tooth surface-the front part, the sides and also the backs. Ensure that you brush your tongue both on top and underneath. One good way to check if you have brushed your teeth well is to check your braces, they should be shiny and you should easily be able to see the corners of them.
Brush your gums carefully.
Rinse out your mouth carefully after brushing your teeth.
Inspect your teeth and braces carefully in order to ensure they are clean. Look in a well-lit mirror. This is a good time to check for broken or loose braces. If you find a problem please call the orthodontics clinic and find out if you need a check-up, and whether you need to ask for an appointment to repair the braces properly.
Brush after every meal. Hygiene at night is very important because you have more time to do it.
When you use dental floss with braces, it may be necessary to use a "special tool" which helps the floss to go under the metal more easily.
Ensure that you clean under the gum carefully.
It may seem difficult to use dental floss with braces, however it is important. With a little practice it will get easier.
It is important to pay special attention to your teeth during orthodontic treatment. By brushing your teeth and using dental floss regularly, you will maintain your teeth and gums in ideal condition and you will ensure that your orthodontic treatment will end with a healthy smile. When your braces are removed, you will see that your extra effort is rewarded with a healthy and impressive smile for the rest of your life.