This name is understood to cover any examination or criticism by an expert or equivalent, whether in connection with a manuscript submitted for publication, a brief for which an individual or collective grant is applied for, a clinical or experimental protocol submitted to examination by an ethics committee or a report to be drawn up concerning an in situ visit.
Reviews must be objective, that is, based on scientific criteria and not on criteria of opinion and personal ideas. A review should be rejected if there are conflicts of interest (for example, when the reviewer has a direct connection with the authors, competes closely with them or when any of them is not considered sufficiently expert).
Reports and documents subject to review are always confidential and privileged information. Consequently, this documentation:
Cannot be used to benefit the person who performs the review until the information has been published.
Cannot be shared with any other colleague unless for one-off reasons or with the explicit permission of the publisher or research agency.
Cannot be kept or copied, unless permitted by those responsible for the editorial process or the agency. Normally the material is destroyed or returned once the process is completed.