Craniomandibular pain (CMP) and orofacial pain (OP) are very prevalent in the general population since these syndromes cover a large number of pathologies in the craniomandibular and cervical and scapular area (practically 100% of the population will suffer from orofacial pain at some point in their life). Craniomandibular and orofacial pain includes some of the most important symptoms of craniomandibular/cervical muscular pathologies as well as temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD), orofacial neuropathies/neuralgias (mainly trigeminal), and primary headaches (migraines, tension-type headaches, trigeminal autonomic headaches). This great diversity among clinical organisations means it is enormously difficult to undertake a differential diagnosis which often leads to frustration both for patients and the healthcare professionals who are involved in managing these patients. Currently in Spain postgraduate education in the field of CMP and OP is scarce, with no full-time on-site university postgraduate degrees available in this discipline of dentistry.
Additionally it is important to mention that one of the priority objectives of the Universitat Internacional de Catalunya is research in all areas of knowledge. This fact is reflected in the continuing education undertaken by new doctors, and the increase in scientific publications and in the number of research projects undertaken annually. By setting up this Master’s degree in CMP and OP we aim to start up three main lines of research, which are:
- Pharmacogenetics in orofacial pain.
- Trigeminal neuropathies.
- Autonomic alterations and alterations of the neuroendocrine axis in CMP and OP.
These lines of research are linked to current research trends in the most important scientific institutions in the world in the fields of CMP and OP. In relation to this we think it is fundamental to mention the lines of research undertaken based on the OPPERA study (OPPERA: OROFACIAL PAIN PROSPECTIVE EVALUATION AND RISK ASSESSMENT STUDY) a multi-centre prospective 12 year study. This study is supported by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research in the United States. The preliminary conclusions of this study, which was awarded a 40 million dollar budget, form the basis of the most important lines of research in the world in the field of the genetics behind orofacial pain, autonomic alterations and alterations of the neuroendocrine axis in CMP and OP.
The aim behind this University Master's Degree is to provide students with a extensive range of knowledge related to the diagnosis and treatment of CMP and OP by applying the diagnostic and treatment-related recommendations and directives provided by the most important scientific institutions and societies in this field of dentistry/medicine. These include the “American Academy of Orofacial Pain”, the “ European Academy of Craniomandibular Disorders”, the “International Headache Society”, and the “International Association for the Study of Pain”. All of these institutions promote the management of patients affected by these pathologies through a Biopsychosocial model of pain supported by the principles of medicine/dentistry based on scientific evidence.
90 ECTS. Master's Degree in Craniomandibular and Orofacial Pain