Universitat Internacional de Catalunya

Introduction to Prosthetic Implantology

Introduction to Prosthetic Implantology
5
11730
1
Annual
OB
Main language of instruction: English

Other languages of instruction: Catalan, Spanish

Teaching staff


Jordi Ortega Martinez          jortega@uic.es

Barbara Pamies Jordana      babipam@uic.es

Introduction

Students attend face-to-face classes for the implant prosthesis subject.

 

Lectures are given by the teaching staff, with a total of 14 topics related to the bases of implant prostheses.

 

The students to whom the subject is taught are MUORE 1 and IMOS 1.

 

Reviews of classic and current literature will also be carried out, with oral presentations by the students.

 

At the end of each theoretical session, clinical cases that treat CUO are presented to discuss treatment options.

 

Pre-course requirements

Knowledge of the anatomical bases of the stomatognathic system and dental prostheses 

Objectives

- Knowledge of prosthetic implantology.

- Know the necessary attachments for prosthetic implants and correct diagnosis and case planning.

- Ability for discussion

- Ability to analyse the literature in a critical way

Competencies

  • CB6 - Students should have and understand knowledge that provides the basis for or opportunity to be original in terms of the development and application of ideas, often within a research context.
  • CB7 - Students should know how to apply the knowledge they have acquired and be able to resolve problems in new or little known environments within a broader (or multidiciplinary) context, related to their area of study.
  • CB8 - Students should be able to incorporate knowledge and tackle the complexity of making judgements based on information which, being incomplete or limited, includes reflections on the social and ethical responsibility linked to the application of their knowledge and judgement
  • CB9 - Students should know how to express their conclusions, and the knowledge and reasoning these are based on, to specialised and non-specialised audiences in a clear and unambiguous way.
  • CE1 - Students should be able to undertake a proper analysis and an extraoral diagnosis, and underline the aesthetic and functional aspects of the teeth and the soft areas of the lower part of the face as well as a analysis and clinical and lab-based diagnosis, using diagnostic and therapeutic wax models, in order to rehabilitate dental occlusion with good functional and aesthetic balance, while taking into account multidisciplinary factors related to the masticating apparatus.
  • CE10 - Students should acquire the ability to apply scientific methods, and apply the knowledge acquired to resolving problems in a scientific field. They should learn how to develop research projects both in vitro and in vivo, within the fields of mechanics, biology and microbiology applied to prosthetic and restorative dentistry and dental implants.
  • CE11 - Students should be autonomous in terms of developing and applying new technologies to aesthetic restorative dentistry and searching for new scientific information, as well as acquiring the ability to evaluate and undertake the research and development projects the industry offers in an ethical way, and manage the financial and human resources, as well as be aware of the strategic basis for the transfer of new knowledge to the industry.
  • CE2 - Students should be able to work as a clinical professional and/or researcher in the field of aesthetic restorative dentistry, and act as a real specialist or expert in the material; as well as know how to diagnose, treat, prevent and research oral disorders and have updated knowledge of the diagnostic and treatment-related advances which continue to arise throughout their professional life.
  • CE4 - To acquire the ability to make oral preparations on mucosa, teeth, and dental implants, to build dental prostheses in patients with advanced oral and multidisciplinary disorders; as well as identify and undertake the procedures and various checks for the prosthetic components during construction.
  • CE5 - To be able to give public presentations on your own clinical cases based on the scientific literature, and correctly use the scientific terminology related to temporomandibular dysfunction and aesthetic restorative dentistry.
  • CE6 - To acquire the ability to make scientific informed opinions so as to choose the type of material a dental prosthesis is built of in order to fit the patient with it, as well as know how to continuously update your knowledge of the dental biomaterial used in the field of aesthetic restorative dentistry, know how to manipulate it, and about its properties, indications, biocompatibilities, toxicity and environmental impact.
  • CE7 - To be able to search for, organise and analyse, from a critical point of view, and using biomedical sources of information, scientific literature on issues related to temporomandibular dysfunction and aesthetic restorative dentistry, in order to pursue continuing education in a self-directed and autonomous way.
  • CE8 - To know how to apply epistemological, ethical, legislational and humanitarian factors to research and the disclosure of scientific data in the field of aesthetic restorative dentistry.
  • CE9 - To recognise and interpret images and specialised diagnostic techniques that are significant in research, as well as know how to apply bioinformatic tools and new technologies to the fields of prosthetic and restorative dentistry and dental implants.
  • CG2 - To be autonomous in terms of obtaining a patient's anamnesis and oral explorations in patients with pathologies that might be either advanced or multidisciplinary in nature; and fill in their medical record and other clinical paperwork using scientific language and terminology that is suited to an aesthetic restorative dentistry professional.
  • CG4 - To know how to apply protocols for the use of the equipment in the dental laboratory-workshop to the point of undertaking the necessary procedures that help in oral rehabilitation or the treatments common to a restorative dentist.

Learning outcomes

- Knowledge of prosthetic implantology.

- In-depth analysis of the literature on specific topics

- Ability to interact with other areas in multidisciplinary treatments

Syllabus

THEORETICAL PROGRAMME

LESSON 1. INTRODUCTION TO PROSTHESES ON IMPLANTS.

Terminology in implant prosthetics.

Differential features between an implant and a natural tooth.

Implant characteristics, different shapes and surfaces.

Biomechanics, different types of forces and their effect on the implant.

The different phases in the development of treatment.

Different types of prostheses. 

LESSON 2. DIAGNOSIS AND SELECTION OF THE PATIENT  

History and examination of the patient.

Utilities of the study models.

Most used complementary explorations and why.

Know the absolute and relative indications and contraindications. 

LESSON 3. WAX, RADIOLOGICAL AND SURGICAL GUIDE

Importance of diagnostic wax and its applications.

Conceptualising the terms radiologic guidance and surgical guide.

Importance of radiological guidance in planning treatment.

Radio diagnostic tests and their indications.

LESSON 4. SELECTION OF THE BASES

Factors that define the type of base used.

Characteristics and impressions.

Screw-retained versus cemented prosthesis. 

LESSON 5. IMPRESSION TAKING

Differences between natural teeth and implants and their importance in taking impressions.

Aims of impressions for implants.

Different attachments needed to take impressions.

Open tray technique and closed tray. Features and indications.

Necessary materials for taking the impression.

Practice in taking impressions. 

LESSON 6. TEMPORARY PROSTHESES

Importance of the provisional prosthesis.

Types of temporary prostheses, indications.

Immediate loading and aesthetics.

LESSON 7. UNITARY PROSTHESES

Know the different characteristics of unitary anterior and posterior prostheses.

Risk factors for achieving an aesthetic result in the leading edge.

Know the importance of the distribution of forces in the posterior as well as the relation between implant and crown.

LESSON 8. PARTIAL PROSTHESES 

Materials used in their preparation.

Know the different stages in the preparation of an anterior partial prosthesis and posterior.

Know the type of occlusion in partial prosthesis.

LESSON 9. COMPLETE FIXED PROSTHESIS

Know the different types of prosthesis to be performed depending on the materials and prostheses to be made. Concept of Hybrid Prosthesis and Full Arch.

Identify the different attachments and materials used in the preparation of a complete fixed prosthesis.

Know which type of occlusion must give to the implant-supported fixed prostheses. 

LESSON 10. OVERDENTURES IMPLANT RETAINED

Conceptualising an overdenture.

Clinical indications and contraindications.

Conceptualising the terms of implant-retained overdenture and overdenture implant- mucous supported.

Practice of activation of an overdenture with anchors.

Know the clinical sequence to follow in the preparation.

PRACTICAL PROGRAMME 

1. Fixings Closure screws. Healing pillars. Transepithelial pillars

Pillars for cement-retained implants Transfers and replicas.

External and internal connection.

Objectives: To recognise the fixings used for different implant systems, including their form and function, and to familiarise oneself with how they are used.

2. Taking implant impressions. Open and closed tray. Direct impression and transepithelial impression. Splints

Objectives: To understand every way of taking implant impressions and have the knowledge to undertake said impressions.

3. Planning a case. Diagnostic wax-up. Radiographic guide and surgical guide

Objectives: To plan several cases using a diagnostic wax-up, then create a surgical and radiographic guide.

4. Computer-aided dental implant planning. A guide to surgical guides

Objectives: To understand navigation systems and how to use them to plan cases

5. Planning cases. Mapping and surgery on models.

Objectives: Create a model that reproduces the soft gingiva and correct 3D positioning of the implant. Creation of guides using the implant model.  

 

6. Unitary implants. Step by step. Screw-retained and cemented implants. Pillars for unitary implants. Materials. Provisional prostheses over multiple implants.

Objectives: To understand the steps to installing a unitary prosthesis Techniques for preparing provisional prostheses over unitary implants.

7. How to create a full arch prosthesis Occlusion rims fixed to implants.

Testing of implant-fixed teeth. Selection of transepithelial pillars. Screw-retained implant test. Materials. Provisional prostheses over multiple implants

Objectives: To understand how to installing multiple prostheses. Techniques for creating an occlusion rim and fixed teeth testing strategies. Selection of transepithelial pillars from different manufacturers. Provisional over multiple prostheses and immediate loading.

8. CAD/CAM protocol. Impression copings and scan bodies. Model scanning. CAD/CAM pillar design for unitary implants. Multiple CAD/CAM structures. Assessing dental composite

Objectives: To familiarise oneself with CAD/CAM prostheses. Understand the different systems for obtaining three-dimensional virtual models. Introduction to attachment design using CAD/CAM.

9. Contact with the laboratory. Laboratory visits.

10. Laboratory photography

Objective: To take photographs of implants in the different laboratory phases. To submit a photobook of the time spent working in the laboratory.

Teaching and learning activities

In person



- Lectures

- Clinical sessions

- Theoretical seminars

- Seminars and laboratory

 

Evaluation systems and criteria

In person



Continuous assessment of students

- Assessment of the quality of presentations

- Assessment of the literature review

- Partial and final exams

Bibliography and resources

Carl E. Misch. Contemporary Implant Dentistry, 3rd Edition, 2007. ISBN: 0978-0-323-04373-1 2007

 

Carl E. Misch. Dental Implant Prosthetics. 2004.  ISBN: 0978-0-323-01955-2  2004