Universitat Internacional de Catalunya

Dental Anatomy

Dental Anatomy
1
11733
1
Annual
OB
Main language of instruction: English

Other languages of instruction: Catalan, Spanish

Teaching staff


msalagaray@uic.es

 

Introduction

Detailed knowledge of the anatomical structure and the role of the two human dentitions (temporary and permanent is fundamental for future dentists’ ability to successfully perform preventive and curative treatments.

The dental treatment is aimed at both restoring alterations in dentition and its optimal form and function. Healthy dentition, both in form and function, is the model to follow when performing procedures as diverse as prostheses, fillings, root canals or orthodontic treatments, and it is only by understanding the exact internal and external morphology of all the teeth that we can successfully perform dental treatments.

This course is essential for each of the clinical disciplines that students will follow in subsequent courses.

Pre-course requirements

Knowledge of the anatomical structures of the head and neck, specifically in the oral cavity and teeth, will help students to understand aspects of dental eruption, tooth position and function within the complex neuromuscular system that performs such important functions as chewing and swallowing and that is significantly involved in speech and in the relationship between people.

Objectives

1. To gain knowledge of the precise and detailed external and internal anatomy of each tooth.

2. This anatomical knowledge will enable an understanding of the function of each individual tooth and of the dental groups to which they belong.

Competencies

  • CB6 - Students should have and understand knowledge that provides the basis for or opportunity to be original in terms of the development and application of ideas, often within a research context.
  • CB7 - Students should know how to apply the knowledge they have acquired and be able to resolve problems in new or little known environments within a broader (or multidiciplinary) context, related to their area of study.
  • CB8 - Students should be able to incorporate knowledge and tackle the complexity of making judgements based on information which, being incomplete or limited, includes reflections on the social and ethical responsibility linked to the application of their knowledge and judgement
  • CB9 - Students should know how to express their conclusions, and the knowledge and reasoning these are based on, to specialised and non-specialised audiences in a clear and unambiguous way.
  • CE1 - Students should be able to undertake a proper analysis and an extraoral diagnosis, and underline the aesthetic and functional aspects of the teeth and the soft areas of the lower part of the face as well as a analysis and clinical and lab-based diagnosis, using diagnostic and therapeutic wax models, in order to rehabilitate dental occlusion with good functional and aesthetic balance, while taking into account multidisciplinary factors related to the masticating apparatus.
  • CE10 - Students should acquire the ability to apply scientific methods, and apply the knowledge acquired to resolving problems in a scientific field. They should learn how to develop research projects both in vitro and in vivo, within the fields of mechanics, biology and microbiology applied to prosthetic and restorative dentistry and dental implants.
  • CE11 - Students should be autonomous in terms of developing and applying new technologies to aesthetic restorative dentistry and searching for new scientific information, as well as acquiring the ability to evaluate and undertake the research and development projects the industry offers in an ethical way, and manage the financial and human resources, as well as be aware of the strategic basis for the transfer of new knowledge to the industry.
  • CE2 - Students should be able to work as a clinical professional and/or researcher in the field of aesthetic restorative dentistry, and act as a real specialist or expert in the material; as well as know how to diagnose, treat, prevent and research oral disorders and have updated knowledge of the diagnostic and treatment-related advances which continue to arise throughout their professional life.
  • CE4 - To acquire the ability to make oral preparations on mucosa, teeth, and dental implants, to build dental prostheses in patients with advanced oral and multidisciplinary disorders; as well as identify and undertake the procedures and various checks for the prosthetic components during construction.
  • CE5 - To be able to give public presentations on your own clinical cases based on the scientific literature, and correctly use the scientific terminology related to temporomandibular dysfunction and aesthetic restorative dentistry.
  • CE6 - To acquire the ability to make scientific informed opinions so as to choose the type of material a dental prosthesis is built of in order to fit the patient with it, as well as know how to continuously update your knowledge of the dental biomaterial used in the field of aesthetic restorative dentistry, know how to manipulate it, and about its properties, indications, biocompatibilities, toxicity and environmental impact.
  • CE7 - To be able to search for, organise and analyse, from a critical point of view, and using biomedical sources of information, scientific literature on issues related to temporomandibular dysfunction and aesthetic restorative dentistry, in order to pursue continuing education in a self-directed and autonomous way.
  • CE8 - To know how to apply epistemological, ethical, legislational and humanitarian factors to research and the disclosure of scientific data in the field of aesthetic restorative dentistry.
  • CE9 - To recognise and interpret images and specialised diagnostic techniques that are significant in research, as well as know how to apply bioinformatic tools and new technologies to the fields of prosthetic and restorative dentistry and dental implants.
  • CG2 - To be autonomous in terms of obtaining a patient's anamnesis and oral explorations in patients with pathologies that might be either advanced or multidisciplinary in nature; and fill in their medical record and other clinical paperwork using scientific language and terminology that is suited to an aesthetic restorative dentistry professional.
  • CG4 - To know how to apply protocols for the use of the equipment in the dental laboratory-workshop to the point of undertaking the necessary procedures that help in oral rehabilitation or the treatments common to a restorative dentist.

Learning outcomes

The student has a perfect knowledge of the internal and external dental morphology of each tooth on all sides, and can therefore understand the role of each individual tooth in the mouth and in the groups of teeth of which it forms part.

Syllabus

Permanent incisors: Unique features. Common and differential characteristics.

Maxillary central incisor: Description of the crown. Free and proximal faces. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Mesial and distal surfaces. Incisal surface. Description of the root. Characteristics. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Proximal surface.

Central mandibular incisor: Description of the crown. Free and proximal faces. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Mesial and distal surfaces. Incisal surface. Description of the root. Characteristics. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Proximal surface.

Mandibular lateral incisor: Description of the crown. Free and proximal faces. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Mesial and distal surfaces. Incisal surface. Description of the root. Characteristics. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Proximal surface.

Permanent canines: Unique features. common and differential characteristics.

Maxillary canine: Description of the crown. Free and proximal faces. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Mesial and distal surfaces. Incisal surface. Description of the root. Characteristics. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Proximal surface.

 

 

Mandibular canine: Description of the crown. Free and proximal faces. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Mesial and distal surfaces. Incisal surface. Description of the root. Characteristics. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Proximal surface.

ITEM 8: permanent premolars: Unique features. common and differential characteristics.

Maxillary first premolar or higher: Description of the crown. Free and proximal faces. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Mesial and distal surfaces. Incisal surface. Description of the root. Characteristics. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Proximal surface.

Maxillary second premolar or higher: Description of the crown. Free and proximal faces. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Mesial and distal surfaces. Incisal surface. Description of the root. Characteristics. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Proximal surface.

First mandibular or lower premolar: Description of the crown. Free and proximal faces. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Mesial and distal surfaces. Incisal surface. Description of the root. Characteristics. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Proximal surface.

Second mandibular or lower premolar: description of the crown. free faces and proximal vestibular and lingual vision. mesial and distal vision. occlusal view. Description of the root: characteristics. vestibular and lingual vision. proximal vision

Permanent molars: Unique features. common and differential characteristics.

Maxillary first molar or higher: Description of the crown. Free and proximal faces. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Mesial and distal surfaces. Occlusal surface. Description of the root. Characteristics. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Proximal surface.

Maxillary second molar or higher: Description of the crown. Free and proximal faces. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Mesial and distal surfaces. Occlusal surface. Description of the root. Characteristics. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Proximal surface.

Mandibular first molar or lower: Description of the crown. Free and proximal faces. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Mesial and distal surfaces. Occlusal surface. Description of the root. Characteristics. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Proximal surface.

Second mandibular or lower molar: Description of the crown. Free and proximal faces. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Mesial and distal surfaces. Occlusal surface. Description of the root. Characteristics. Vestibular and lingual surfaces. Proximal surface.

Maxillary third mandibular molars: General characteristics.

Teaching and learning activities

In person



The course will use a practical approach. The individual student seeks information using search techniques and then shares this information in class, clarifying doubts and creating a dynamic class experience.

Each student must submit at the end of the quarter:
- Wax-up of their own two arcades.
- An anatomy notebook which shall summarise: the anatomy, drawing and photograph of each tooth. table of dental measures, ages of eruption and formation with a histological summary.


Each week the student will bring in the work set in the previous class, any doubts or questions will be resolved and the work will be assessed in class. Attendance is mandatory. If you are unable to attend a class, please inform the director of the Master’s and the teacher of the subject.

Weekly activities in Moodle to reinforce the theory.

Evaluation systems and criteria

In person



The assessment system is divided as follows:

  • Daily work and daily assessment: 60%
  • Final exam: 30%
  • Aptitude: 5% (this includes both cognitive processes and abilities, and emotional and personality characteristics. It is also emphasised that aptitude is closely related to intelligence and both innate abilities and those acquired as a result of a learning process).
  • Attitude: 5%

Bibliography and resources

 Recommended basic texts

  • Anatomía Dental, Fisiología y Oclusión de Wheler.Ash MM. Nelson SJ Saunders. Elsevier 8º ed. Madrid:2004 
  • Anatomía de las estructuras Orofaciales. Brand R, Isselhard D. Hardcourt Brace/ Mosby. 6ª ed. Madrid :1999 
  • Anatomía Dental: Aplicaciones Clinicas. Woefel JB. Scheid RC.  Masson- Willians &Wilkins.
    • Morfología dentaria. Carlsen O. Ediciones Doyma, Barcelona,1988. 
    • Principios de Histologia y Embriologia Bucal Con orientación clínica.Avery J, Chiego D. 3ª ed. Elsevier/ Mosby . Madrid 2007.
    • Histología y embriología bucodental. Gómez de Ferraris ME - Campos Muñoz A. 2ª ed. Editorial Médica Panamericana. 2002.
    • Embriologia Humana. Gonzalo LM, Lorente M. 2º Ed. Ediciones Eunate. Pamplona : 2000

    Atlas

    • Atlas en color y texto de Anatomía oral, Histología y Embriología. Berkovitz BKB, Holland GR, Moxham BJ. Mosbi/Doyma Libros S.A., Madrid 1995.
    • Atlas de Microscopia Odontologica. Pecora GE. Ed.  Ripano . 2009
    • Atlas de Anatomía Humana. Sobotta Becher. Tomo I. 22 Ed. Medica Panamericana: Buenos Aires;  Madrid: 2007
    • Prometheus. Atlas de Anatomía. Tomo 3 cabeza y cuello.  Gilroy AM, MacPherson BR, Ross LM. Medica Panamericana: Buenos Aires;  Madrid: 2008

     Other reference texts

    • Anatomía de la Cabeza para odontólogos. Velayos JL, Santana HD. 4ª edición. Medica Panamericana: Buenos Aires;  Madrid: 2007
    • Netter. Anatomía de la cabeza y cuello para odontólogos.Norton NS. Netter FH.  Elsevier- Masson Barcelona. 2007.
    • Anatomía Oral.  Sicher/ Du Brul. Du Brul E LL. Doyma  Barcelona: 1988
    • Anatomía dental y de Cabeza y Cuello. Dunn MJ, Shaphiro C. Interamericana

      Teaching materials

    • Fichas de Autoevaluación. Netter Anatomía. Cabeza y cuello. Hansen JT, Netter FH. 2ª ed. Elsevier- Masson Barcelona. 2007.
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