Universitat Internacional de Catalunya

Commercial Law 1

Commercial Law 1
First semester
Main language of instruction: Catalan

Other languages of instruction: Spanish,
If the student is enrolled for the English track then classes for that subject will be taught in the same language.


In the event that the health authorities announce a new period of confinement due to the evolution of the health crisis caused by COVID-19, the teaching staff will promptly communicate how this may effect the teaching methodologies and activities as well as the assessment.

This subject includes an introduction to the basic concepts of commercial law and comprises lectures on the concept of entrepreneur and enterprise, competition law and intellectual property.

Pre-course requirements

There is no prerequisites to take this subject, although a good knowledge on EU law and civil contract law is recommended.


This subject should allow the student to know basic concepts of commercial law as a law branch. Esta asignatura ha de permitir al alumno conocer los elementos básicos del derecho mercantil como rama del derecho. In particular, it should let know the correct application of the different laws that converge in the main conflicts of private law (including consumer laws). As for the right of competition, at the end of the the quarter, students should be able to master the basic principles of this legislation and to detect risks that can pose major commercial operations. Finally, this course is to provide students with the tools necessary to solve major disputes that appear in the field of industrial property rights, mainly in the area of registration of the relevant IP titles and infringement by third parties of the rights that have been obtained.


  • 11 - To be familiar with the main concepts and theories related to humanity and society.
  • 14 - To be familiar with and understand the legal framework of trade law and be able to apply it in practical cases related to the business world.
  • 17 - To be familiar with the mathematical models used to describe financial phenomena.
  • 18 - To provide mathematical models for financial phenomena.
  • 19 - To analyse quantitative financial variables and take them into account when making decisions.
  • 21 - To be familiar with the main theories in the fields of microeconomics and macroeconomics.
  • 22 - To be able to identify the nature and behaviour of producers, consumers and investors.
  • 23 - To be familiar with and know how to use microeconomic and macroeconomic analysis terminology.
  • 24 - To be able to carry out a financial, social and historical analysis of the environment in which a company operates.
  • 29 - To know what an information system is and its typology.
  • 30 - To be familiar with information systems models: relational databases and mis, dss, eis, crm, scm, bi, km, erp, bpms models.


This subject is divided into three main blocks:

BLOCK A. COMMERCIAL LAW. MARKET, ENTREPRENEUR AND CONSUMER: The general concepts of commercial law (Lessons 1 to 3), where we will pay special attention to the study of the development of the mercantil law and how national, EU and international law interact as well as the Civl Code, the Commercial Code and special laws.  We will analyse the concept of market as the object of the regulation of commercial law and the entrepreneur and consumer as the subject of that branch of law.

BLOCK B. MARKET PROTECTION. ANTITRUST LAW AND UNFAIR COMPETITION (Lessons 4 and 5), we will revise the main regulations affecting this branch of law, in what affects the control of the proper functioning of the market, by the public institutions (antitrust) in the one hand and the protection of competitors and consuemrs (unfair competition and publicity). Introduction to intellectual property and copyright law.

BLOCK C. EXCLUSIVE RIGHTS ON DISTINCTIVE SIGNS, INVENTIONS AND INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS (Lessons 6 y 7), we will revise the different intellectual property rights on distinctive signs, inventions and designs.



Comisión Nacional den los Mercados y de la Competencia (CNMC)

Comissió Europea - Competència http://ec.europa.eu/competition/index_en.html

Agència Catalana del Consum

EU Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO)

Oficina Española de Patentes y Marcas (OEPM)

Organització Mundial de la Propietat Intel·lectual (OMPI)

Oficina Europea de Patents (EPO)

Chapter  Sections Commercial and Competition Law

Chapter 1 Introduction. Commercial law and Market
      1.1 Origin, concept and evolution of commercial law
      1.2 Sources of commercial law
      1.3 Market and commercial law

Chapter 2 The enterprise. Elements and business
      2.1 The entrepreneur or trader
      2.2 The enterprise. The personal elements
      2.3 The enterprise. Immaterial elements and enterprise as an object of economics

Chapter 3 Principles of transparence and protection of consumers. Information Society
      3.1 Principle of transparency. Information and transparency. Commercial registries
      3.2 Principle of consumer protection
      3.3 Information society and e-commerce

Chapter 4 Protection of the market. Antitrust law
      4.1 The principle of free competition and antitrust law. EU and Spanish systems
      4.2 Collusive agreements between enterprises. Vertical and horizontal agreements
                  TTABER 2014 recatt20141.pdf 
                  VABER 2010 recav3302010.pdf 
                  Judgement of the CJEU of 13 july 2006 Volkswagen C-74/04 stjue060713vw.pdf 
      4.3 Abuse of dominant position and other competition infringements. Organisms and procedures
                  Videos news competition videosnoticiasdefensadelacompetencia.docx 

Chapter 5 Unfair competition. Introduction to copyright law
      5.1 Principle of fairness in business. Consumer protection
      5.2 The general clause and the unfair practices. Prodecural aspects

Chapter 6 Intellectual property. Protection to Distinctive Signs. Trademark Law
      6.1 Introduction to exclusivity rights. Concept and function of the right of trademark
      6.2 Prerequists and trademark prosecution
      6.3 Content of the trademark right. Legal actions

Chapter 7 Protection to R&D+i. Inventions and product Forms. Patent Law and Industrial Designs
      7.1 Protection of inventions. Patent right, ownership, prerequisites and registry
      7.2 Patent right content. Nullity and expiry. Utility models
      7.3 Industrial design and its legal protection

Teaching and learning activities

In person

Classroom activities for tracking students (individual and group)

Independent study by the student

Independent study and student work

Presentation of the concepts and practical application inside the classroom

Bibliography and resources

The materials that we will use can be accessed through the webpage.

It is necessary that the legal texts that will beanalysed at every moment are available to the student at the lecture room.

Reference textbook:

  • Alberto BERCOVITZ RODRÍGUEZ-CANO, Apuntes de Derecho Mercantil, last edition, Aranzadi, Navarra

 Other textbooks:

  • Manuel BROSETA PONT, Manual de Derecho Mercantil, last edition, Tecnos, Madrid
  • Fernando SANCHEZ CALERO, Instituciones de Derecho Mercantil, last edition, Editoriales de Derecho Reunidas, Madrid
  • Rodrigo URÍA, Lecciones de Derecho Mercantil, last edition, Civitas, Madrid
  • Francesc VICENT CHULIA, Compendio Crítico de Derecho Mercantil, last edition, Editorial Bosch, Barcelona

The regulations may be consulted at Internet and through databases. Optional collection of regulations: Código de Comercio y otras normas mercantiles, Aranzadi, last edition