Universitat Internacional de Catalunya

Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy and Physiology
First semester
Main language of instruction: Spanish

Other languages of instruction: Catalan, English

Teaching staff

Contact by email: bmezquita@uic.es


This course has been designed to help bioengineering students understand how the human body is organized and how it works. Specifically, anatomy is dedicated to the study of the structures of the body's components and the relationship between them. Physiology deals with how these components work to ensure the survival of the organism. This subject introduces the human anatomical and physiological bases with a special emphasis on the structures and processes relevant to bioengineering.

Pre-course requirements



To develop a vocabulary of appropriate terminology to effectively communicate information related to anatomy and physiology. To recognize and explain the interrelationships within and between anatomical and physiological systems of the human body.


  • CB1 - Students must demonstrate that they have and understand knowledge in an area of study based on general secondary education. This knowledge should be of a level that, although based on advanced textbooks, also includes some of the cutting-edge elements from their field of study.
  • CB3 - Students must have the ability to bring together and interpret significant data (normally within their area of study) and to issue judgements that include a reflection on important issues that are social, scientific or ethical in nature.
  • CE7 - To know how to recognise anatomy and physiology when applied to the structures Bioengineering involves.
  • CG10 - To know how to work in a multilingual and multidisciplinary environment.
  • CT4 - To be able to work as a member of an interdisciplinary team, whether as a member or by management tasks, with the aim of contributing to undertaking projects based on pragmatism and a feeling of responsibility, taking on commitment while bearing the resources available in mind.
  • CT5 - To use information sources in a reliable manner. To manage the acquisition, structuring, analysis and visualisation of data and information in your specialist area and critically evaluate the results of this management.

Learning outcomes

At the end of this course students will be able to:

1. To know the fundamentals and principles of anatomy and physiology, as well as their basic and specific terminology.

2. To know the structure of the organs and systems of the human body and how they work.

3. Appreciate the contributions, individually and collectively, of the different systems of the body so that the human being perpetuates in time.

4. Acquire a positive attitude towards their future professional practice.

5. Apply the knowledge acquired in the field of human anatomy and physiology to challenges in general bioengineering.

6. Know the primary sources of information to understand the latest advances in the physiological sciences.

7. Use the scientific method. Promote reasoning and discussion of problems.


1. Introduction to the anatomy of the human body 1.1 Definition 1.2 Levels of structural organization 1.3 Nomenclature of anatomy   2. Introduction to the physiology of the human body 2.1 Definition 2.2 Concept of the internal environment 2.3 Concept of homeostasis
3. Structure and function of the cells 3.1 General components of the cell   4. Structure and function of tissues 4.1 Preparation of the tissue for analysis under the microscope 4.2 Epithelial tissue 4.3 Connective tissue 4.4 Nervous tissue 4.5 Muscle tissue   5. Physiology of blood 5.1 Functions of blood 5.2 Composition of blood 5.3 Hematopoiesis 5.4 Hemostasis 5.5 Blood groups   6. Circulatory System 6.1 Anatomy 6.2 Functions of the circulatory system 6.3 Electrical activity of the heart 6.4 Mechanical activity of the heart 6.5 Regulation of cardiac activity 6.6 Cardiac cycle 6.7 General circulation distribution system 6.8 Regulation of blood pressure 6.9 Exchange system 6.10 Lymphatic and venous return systems 6.11 Angiogenesis 6.12 Local circulation   7. Respiratory System 7.1 Anatomy of the Respiratory System 7.2 Ventilation, perfusion and ventilation / perfusion ratio 7.3 Blood gas transport 7.4 Regulation of the respiratory function   8. Renal System 8.1 Anatomy of the renal system 8.2 Glomerular function 8.3 Tubular function 8.4 Kidney regulation of the hydroelectrolyte balance  
9. Digestive System 9.1 Anatomy of the digestive system 9.2 Motor activities of the digestive tract 9.3 Secretory activities of the digestive tract 9.4 Digestion and absorption 9.5 Liver functions
10. Endocrine System 10.1 Components of the Endocrine System 10.2 Hypothalamus and pituitary hormones 10.3 Thyroid hormones 10.4 Hormones that control calcium and phosphate metabolism 10.5 Hormones of the suprarenal glands 10.6 Hormones of the pancreas 10.7 Sexual hormones
11. Nervous System 11.1 Anatomy of the Nervous System 11.2 Physiology of the neuron and the neuron microenvironment 11.3 Sensory circuits 11.4 Motor circuits 11.5 Autonomic Nervous System
12. Musculoskeletal System 12.1 Structure and function of the skeleton 12.2 Joints 12.3 Anatomy and function of skeletal muscle
13. Integumentary System 13.1 Anatomy of the skin and nails 13.2 Functions of the integumentary system
14. Reproductive system 14.1 Asexual and sexual reproduction 14.2 Anatomy and physiology of the male reproductive system 14.3 Anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system

Teaching and learning activities

In person

Face to face theoretical classes. Practical classes at the dissection lab. Presentation sessions and discussion of clinical cases relevant to bioengineering / group work. Sessions of presentation and discussion of scientific articles reflecting the latest advances in physiological sciences / individual work. Self-learning tests.

Evaluation systems and criteria

In person

The final grade is calculated based on the following components, with the indicated weights: 1. Participation in the theoretical and practical classes: 15% 2. Resolution of the self-assessment tests in the determined periods: 15% 3. Partial Exam: 20% 4. Final Exam: 50%

Important considerations:

  1. Plagiarism, copying or any other action that may be considered cheating will be zero in that evaluation section. Besides, plagiarism during exams will mean the immediate failing of the whole subject.
  2. In the second-sitting exams, the maximum grade students will be able to obtain is "Excellent" (grade with honors distinction will not be posible).
  3. Changes of the calendar, exam dates or the evaluation system will not be accepted.
  4. Exchange students (Erasmus and others) or repeaters will be subjected to the same conditions as the rest of the students.

Bibliography and resources

Mezquita. Fisiología Médica, 2ª ed. Panamericana (2018).

Stephanie McCann and Eric Wise. Anatomy Coloring Book, 5th ed. Kaplan (2014)

Evaluation period

E: exam date | R: revision date | 1: first session | 2: second session:
  • E1 04/11/2022 P2A01 10:00h
  • E1 04/11/2022 P2A03 10:00h
  • E1 09/01/2023 P2A01 10:00h
  • E1 09/01/2023 P2A03 10:00h

Teaching and learning material