Universitat Internacional de Catalunya

Shaping Technology of Materials

Shaping Technology of Materials
6
12487
2
Second semester
OB
ADVANCED TRAINING
MATERIALS II
Main language of instruction: Spanish

Other languages of instruction: Catalan, English

Teaching staff


Appointments for face-to-face tutorials, both to resolve doubts about theoretical or practical aspects of the subject and for the preparation of individual assignments, are arranged by e-mail ecastro@uic.es / xavier.gil@uic.cat, giving priority to consultations at the times agreed with the professor at the beginning of the academic year (Thursdays from 9:00 to 10:00).

Introduction

The industrial use of materials is more interesting when more easily it is possible to obtain with them usable pieces and shapes, either directly or through a sequence of processes; as well as the characteristics and behavior in service of the pieces for those materials. The subject offers a modern approach to the different options of shaping, the different shaping processes and the tools and equipment to be used, considering the manufacturing processes as an objective science, rather than as a descriptive art, and giving an orientation to bioengineering.

Pre-course requirements

Subjects: Materials, Biomaterials and biocompatibility, Advances materials and selection of materials.

Objectives

  • Introduce students into the industrial manufacturing technologies, including different types of machining, smelting, shaping and welding processes.
  • Implement methodologies to select shaping processes for many industrial applications.
  • Know the fundamentals of most common processing technologies (shaping, heat treatments and welding) for the different families of materials and assess their suitability according to the application.

Competencies

  • CB2 - Students must know how to apply their knowledge to their work or vocation in a professional way and have the competences that are demonstrated through the creation and defence of arguments and the resolution of problems within their field of study.
  • CB4 - Students can transmit information, ideas, problems and solutions to specialist and non-specialist audiences.
  • CE10 - To design fixed and removable structures for the application of prosthetics and orthotics.
  • CE11 - To evaluate manufacturing, metrological and quality control systems and processes.
  • CG8 - To apply quality principles and methods.
  • CT2 - The ability to link welfare with globalisation and sustainability; to acquire the ability to use skills, technology, the economy and sustainability in a balanced and compatible manner.
  • CT4 - To be able to work as a member of an interdisciplinary team, whether as a member or by management tasks, with the aim of contributing to undertaking projects based on pragmatism and a feeling of responsibility, taking on commitment while bearing the resources available in mind.
  • CT7 - To be fluent in a third language, usually English, with a suitable verbal and written level that is in line with graduate requirements.

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course, the student:

  • Learn the relationship between microstructure, synthesis or processing and the properties of materials.
  • Understand and apply materials testing standards.
  • Interiorize, understand and give explanations related to the selection of materials, their shaping, their treatment, coatings and modes of use.
  • Solve problems related to the engineering of manufacturing processes, based on the materials that make up the element.
  • Use computer tools to calculate and design the engineering of the manufacturing processes.
  • Make manufacturing decisions optimizing product efficiency.
  • Know the parts of the manufacturing processes.
  • Performs control and verification of products after been procesed.
  • Solve problems of metrology during the manufacturing processes.
  • Know the regulations to manufacture the materials parts of the pieces.
  • Select the optimal manufacturing process for a given piece.
  • Learn the main manufacturing technologies and characterization of biological and biomaterial materials.

Syllabus


  1. Conformation of materials.
  2. Manufacturing processes.
  3. Design of the manufacturing process.
  4. Rapid prototyping. 3D printing. Stereolithography.
  5. Metal forming. Foundry.
  6. Polymer forming. Injection, compression and blow molding.
  7. Shaping of ceramics. Annealing.

  1. Coatings and surface treatments.
  2. Oxidation and corrosion of metallic materials. Recyclability.
  3. Heat treatment of metal alloys.

  1. Casting of metal parts: In sand and lost wax. Sintering of metal powders: Powder metallurgy.
  2. Machine-tools for metal parts machining. Forging, rolling, extrusion and drawing.
  3. Machining and cutting tools of metal parts.
  4. Constructive characteristics and most important elements of computer numerical control (CNC) machines.
  5. Manufacturing processes of polymeric parts. Extrusion and spinning of fibers. Electrospinning.
  6. Manufacturing processes of ceramic parts. Sol-gel processes.
  7. Shaping processes for composite materials.
  8. Welding and cutting processes of metallic materials.

  1. Instruments and machines for dimensional measurement of manufactured parts.
  2. Dimensional tolerances of manufactured parts.
  3. Design of a quality control system for the manufactured devices.

Teaching and learning activities

In person



Active teaching methodologies in small groups such as the case method, problem-based learning (ABP), computer simulation, classroom gamification, Flipped classroom, Peer instruction, etc. The theory classes will be an introduction to the different topics discussed, to make available to the student everything related to the materials used in advanced bioengineering. The classes considered practical will be eminently problem solving and study of practical cases of selection and application of advanced materials in the field of bioengineering. The practices will be to search for information and applications of specific advanced materials.

In theory and practice classes, the use of information and communication technologies (ICT), such as audiovisual media (videos, computer presentations, ...), is offered when this improves the clarity of class exposure, and the use of the virtual campus in Moodle will be promoted as the main way to manage student work, communicate with them, distribute study material, etc. During the course, students will be asked to complete the following training activities:

Peer Instruction - Short questions thrown by the teacher at the beginning or end of the virtual or face-to-face class on the subject being treated in the subject at that time to which students must answer individually through a forum of Question and Answer (Q&A) evaluable enabled for it in Moodle, in such a way that among the students cooperatively construct the correct answer to the short question (which may fall in the examination of the subject) - the teacher will indicate the answers of those students That they are correct and this will allow them to score points for the evaluation of active participation.

Treasure Hunt (Reading Promotion) - Divide the classroom into two groups, each with a spokesperson who goes to the library to look for a book indicated by the teacher (different for each group), in such a way that each one of the groups, look for a series of data or explanations requested by the teacher in the indicated book and cooperatively build a document with those data and explanations taken from the book and to be delivered, through the spokesperson, via the Moodle task, to the teacher at the end of class. The teacher will give points of active participation in the evaluation of the subject to the group that does it best.

Flipped Classroom - The teacher will post a link to a YouTube video in the Moodle about some aspect of the subject's syllabus that the students will visualize either as homework before the corresponding non-face-to-face class or during the break of the face-to-face class projecting it on the class screen. After viewing the video, the teacher will propose to the students to take a quiz through a tool like Socrative or Kahoot using their mobile phones, tablets or computers to check the assimilation of the concepts covered in the video. The teacher will give active participation points in the subject to students who answer correctly and more quickly to the quiz questions.

Laboratory practices - Learning based on small research projects in which they individually develop the script of the proposed practices themselves from a basic bibliography of consultation and a list of equipment available in the laboratory of degree practices, work cooperatively to obtain experimentally in the grade practice laboratory, drill the holes for the screws of a bone plate or extrude filament for a 3D printer and present / explain to the rest of their classmates and the teacher their work procedure, materials used and results obtained as a research seminar.

Solving problems and study cases - Carry out numerical exercises in class for the practical application of the laws, equations and concepts seen in theory, both by the teacher and by the students on paper and on the board. A bulletin of additional problems will also be hung from the Moodle so that the student can train for the practical part of the exams. The delivery of the problem bulletin to the teacher through a Moodle task in the stipulated time, as well as volunteering to solve problems on the board will score in the evaluation of active participation in the subject. Carry out simulation exercises and practical cases, using the CES EduPack material selection software, individually or in groups (choosing a spokesperson) in practical or seminar class. The evidences of the realization of the practical cases and simulation exercises will be collected through a portfolio in Moodle.

Evaluation systems and criteria

In person



The structuring of the subject in theoretical and practical sessions involves the evaluation of the knowledge and skills acquired in a differentiated and complementary manner. In the case of the contents of the theoretical sessions, they will be evaluated in a partial test and in a final test, both written and that will take into account both the ability to relate the contents of the different topics in a transversal way, as well as the development of one's own thinking. Regarding the practical part of the subject, the evaluation will be continued, considering the following aspects with different relative weight: attendance and participation in class, final course work and peer evaluation, and debate after the reading of the complementary bibliography. In order for both parts of the subject to be able to average and thus obtain the final grade for the subject, it will be necessary for both parts of the subject to pass independently.

 

The student's qualification will be:

 

1st call

 

Assessment type

Evaluation system

Weighing

Summative evaluation

Final exam

30 %

Summative evaluation

Midterm exam

25 %

Formative assessment

Oral presentation - Machine tool fair

15 %

Authentic evaluation

Laboratory

15 %

Authentic evaluation

Homework

15 %

Diagnostic evaluation

Self-assessment test

0 %

 

 

 


   


2nd call

 

Assessment type

Evaluation system

Weighing

Summative evaluation

Final exam

70 %

Formative assessment

Oral presentation - Machine tool fair

15 %

Authentic evaluation

Laboratory

15 %

Diagnostic evaluation

Self-assessment test

0%

 

   


 

 


Important considerations:

  1. Plagiarism, copying or any other action that may be considered cheating will be zero in that evaluation section. Besides, plagiarism during exams will mean the immediate failing of the whole subject.
  2. In the second-sitting exams, the maximum grade students will be able to obtain is "Excellent" (grade with honors distinction will not be possible).
  3. Changes of the calendar, exam dates or the evaluation system will not be accepted.
  4. Exchange students (Erasmus and others) or repeaters will be subjected to the same conditions as the rest of the students.
  5. Attendance to the course is compulsory. 3 absences registered by the professor and not justifiable in the secretary's office of the degree will mean the immediate failure of the course in the first call.
  6. It is not allowed to enter the classroom 10 minutes after the lesson has started (or to leave) unless there is a justified cause.

Bibliography and resources

(1). Groover, M. (2015). Introducción a los procesos de manufactura. McGraw-Hill Interamericana.

(2). Groover, M. (2007). Fundamentos de manufactura moderna. McGraw-Hill Interamericana.

(3). Schmid, S., Kalpakjian, s. R. (2009). Manufactura, ingeniería y tecnología. Prentice Hall.

(4). Puértolas Ráfales, J.A., Ríos Jordana, R., Castro Corella, M. (2016). Tecnología de los materiales en ingeniería, Volumen 1. Síntesis.

(5). Puértolas Ráfales, J.A., Ríos Jordana, R., Castro Corella, M. (2016). Tecnología de los materiales en ingeniería, Volumen 2. Síntesis.

(6). Ashby, M, F., Jones, D. R. H. (2008). Materiales para ingeniería 1: Introducción a las propiedades, las aplicaciones y el diseño. Editorial Reverte.

(7). Ashby, M, F., Jones, D. R. H. (2009). Materiales para ingeniería 2: Introducción a la microestructura, el procesamiento y el diseño. Editorial Reverte.

(8). Farag, M. M. (2020). Materials and Process Selection for Engineering Design. CRC Press.