Universitat Internacional de Catalunya

Cardiology Emergencies

Cardiology Emergencies
5
13209
1
First semester
OB
Main language of instruction: Catalan

Other languages of instruction: English, Spanish
If the student is enrolled for the English track then classes for that subject will be taught in the same language.

Teaching staff


You can contact by email the head of the subject Dr. Javier Jacob (32229fjr@gmail.com) or the director of the Master Dr. Jordi Castillo (jcastillo@uic.es)

Introduction

In the event that the health authorities announce a new period of confinement due to the evolution of the health crisis caused by COVID-19, the teaching staff will promptly communicate how this may effect the teaching methodologies and activities as well as the assessment.


This subject addresses the theoretical study of the main cardiological, respiratory acute pathological processes (and acute complications of chronic processes), all of them in their physiopathological, clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic aspects.

Includes theoretical and practical training in invasive and non-invasive ventilation.

Pre-course requirements

There are no prerequisites for taking this subject

Competencies

  • CB7 - Students should be able to apply the knowledge acquired and have the ability to solve problems in new or little-known environments within broader (or multidisciplinary) contexts related to the field of study.
  • CB8 - Students should be able to integrate their knowledge so that they can deal with the complexity involved in making judgements based on information that may be incomplete or limited, and may therefore require considerations of the social and ethical responsibilities involved in applying knowledge or judgement.
  • CE01 - To have the ability to communicate with patients suffering from a disease that requires urgent treatment, managing resources for a patient-doctor conversation that is initially focused on the most important medical aspects.
  • CE02 - Planning emergency care, assessing the psychological dimension of the suffering of patients and family members
  • CE03 - When a patient has an intense or worsening condition, students should know how to identify and assess clinical indications of a risk to their life or a serious danger to their functions, establishing priorities for their treatment.
  • CE05 - To use a patient's medical history and physical examination to identify the signs and symptoms of the most common serious conditions and serious complications to chronic conditions, correctly interpreting the information.
  • CE06 - To demonstrate their knowledge and flexible and decisive handling of protocols and guidelines for clinical practice when dealing with the most serious or common conditions in urgent and emergency care.
  • CE07 - To carry out a continuous re-evaluation of the patient in urgent and emergency care in order to readjust the provisional diagnosis and consequent change to the treatment plan when necessary.
  • CE08 - To act decisively, accurately and efficiently when applying the invasive and non-invasive treatment techniques used in emergencies.
  • CE09 - To recognise the risks associated with operation procedures and the diagnostic techniques and treatments employed in emergencies, and to carry them out as safely as possible in terms of the safety of the student, other professionals and the patient.
  • CG1 - To know how to work in a multidisciplinary team in an independent way, and how to take the initiative to resolve any disputes or problems that arise between different professional perspectives.
  • CG2 - To act fairly, making sure to offer equal opportunities and universal access to patients who require medical attention, encouraging respect for human rights and a social and sustainable coexistence.
  • CG3 - To practice effective timekeeping and to manage activities so as to ensure efficient organisation and the best possible ability to adapt to unforeseen circumstances.
  • CG6 - To apply current healthcare legislation related to both pre-hospital and hospital care.
  • CT01 - To respect the ethical standards and laws that govern healthcare and the relationship with the patient in urgent and emergency care, as well as the ability to provide information on basic aspects of the same when required.

Learning outcomes

  • Knows the etiology, pathophysiology, clinic, and approach to urgent cardiological situations: Chest pain, arrhythmias, ischemic heart disease, heart failure, syncope, hypertensive urgency/emergency.     
  • Know the etiology, pathophysiology, clinic, and approach to vascular emergencies: venous thromboembolic disease, acute peripheral arterial obstruction, aortic dissection / complicated aortic aneurysm.     
  • Knows the etiology, pathophysiology, clinic, and approach to respiratory emergencies: dyspnea, acute respiratory failure, respiratory infection, hemoptysis, pneumothorax.     
  • Can interpret: electrocardiography, pulse oximetry, capnography, blood gas.     

Syllabus

  • Cardiovascular Emergencies     
    • Ischemic heart disease. Acute coronary syndrome     
    • Arrhythmias     
    • Acute heart failure. Acute Pulmonary Edema     
    • Shock     
    • Cardiomyopathies.     
    • Endocarditis, myocarditis, pericarditis     
    • Valvulopathies     
    • High blood pressure     
    • Acute vascular pathology. Aneurysm and aortic dissection. Acute complications of vasculitis     
    • Venous thromboembolic disease.     
    • Chest pain management     
    • Syncope     
  • Electrocardiography in the emergency department     
  • Urgent pulmonary pathology and ENT     
    • Acute respiratory failure     
    • Adult respiratory distress syndrome     
    • Bronchospasm. Asthma. COPD exacerbation     
    • Hemoptysis     
    • Chemical pneumonitis, aspiration syndrome     
    • Acute pleural pathology     
    • Acute mediastinal pathology     
    • Management of foreign bodies in the respiratory tract     
    • Management of acute ENT and upper respiratory infections.     
    • Management of epistaxis.      
  • Invasive and non-invasive ventilatory support     

Teaching and learning activities

In person



The following teaching methodologies will be used to develop the subject:

Theoretical class (CT) in the classroom: The teacher will present his syllabus with audiovisual help if he sees fit. In these activities, the student has basically a receptive role, although with the possibility of active participation individually or in groups.

Clinical Cases (CC): In the virtual classroom, activities scheduled for the student to solve clinical assumptions on their own or in teams, under the supervision of the teacher, thus contributing to advance in the practical application of the theoretical knowledge acquired and in The process of decision making.

Self-learning activities (AAP). For these activities, the UIC virtual platform "Moodle" will be your main tool. In it you will be able to find different resources (study material, discussion forums, multimedia resources ...) and various activities (evaluation questionnaires, carrying out tests ...) designed for the student to advance on his own, tutored by the teacher, in the development of its fundamentally theoretical competences.

Individual student activity (AIA). Outside or inside the academic space, activities carried out autonomously by the student tutored by the teachers, to achieve the objectives of the program.

Evaluation systems and criteria

In person



FIRST CALL

There will be a mixed evaluation that will have 3 components:

1) Class participation and attendance (10%)

2)  . Non-invasive Mechanical Ventilation Workshop. Online exercise (15%)

     . Electrocardiography workshop. Online exercise (15%)

3) Theoretical examination of the subject (60%)

The student must obtain a minimum score of 4 points in each of the components of the evaluation of the subject. To pass the subject, you must get at least a 5.

 

SECOND CALL 

Those students who do not exceed the minimum of 4 points in any of the aforementioned evaluations will have to appear at the second call of these parts. The approved parts will be kept with the grade obtained on the first call.

 To pass the subject, you must get at least a 5.  

Bibliography and resources

They will be in the Virtual Platform "Moodle". Each teacher will generate their bibliography and resources depending on the subject taught.