Universitat Internacional de Catalunya

Bioethics II

Bioethics II
3
7633
4
Second semester
OB
Medicina social, habilidades de comunicación e iniciación a la investigación
Bioética II
Main language of instruction: Catalan

Teaching staff


Students may ask lecturers questions at the end of each class. For enquiries outside of class time, students must make an appointment by email:

Head instructor:

Josep Mª Guardiola: jmguardiola@uic.es

Other professors:

Mireia Baylina: mbaylina@uic.es

Christian Villavicencio: cavillavicencio@uic.es

 

Introduction

In Bioethics I think on the value of human life and dignity as a principle basis for medical ethics, that is, for decision-making that involves mutual respect and responsibility in the doctor-patient relationship. In ethical theory based on principles the person is not something that remains at an abstract level, formal or inconsequential; on the contrary, becomes in daily medical practice problem solving that incorporates the knowledge from different disciplines both scientific and moral.

 The development of medicine, science and new laws put in front us many new situations demanding answers for approval or rejection, and a theoretical justification that is difficult to propose in a pluralistic world whose interests are not always well identified. 

We can't find in this discipline a list of rules on what to do or what not do in situations more or less definite.  Looking to provide the student an open mind to principles and values that remain unchanged despite scientific and technical progress. 

 

Pre-course requirements

Have basic knowledge in Anthropology and Bioethics

Objectives

 

1 - Recognize the ethical issues that arise in professional practice, identify conflicts and propose the most appropriate ethical solutions.

2 - Give the student the knowledge that enables them to analyze and define the ethical aspects of medical practice.

3 - learn the rights and duties of the individual as a patient and the rights and duties of the physician.

Competencies

Specífic competencies:

- Recognize the essential elements of the medical profession, including ethical principles, legal responsibilities and professional skills patient-centered.

  - Understand the importance of such principles for the benefit of patients, society and the profession, with special attention to confidentiality.   - Know how to apply the principle of social justice practice and understand the ethical implications of health in a changing global context.   - Develop professional practice with respect for patient autonomy, beliefs and culture.   - Recognize the own limitations and the need to maintain and upgrade their professional skills, with particular emphasis on autonomous learning of new knowledge and skills and motivation for quality   - Develop professional practice with respect to other health professionals, acquiring teamwork skills.

Tansversal competencies:

- Have a deep respect for the ethical and intellectual integrity.

- Have the ability to work as a team with initiative and entrepreneurship.

- Have the ability to respond to conflict situations when they occur.

 
  • 01 - Recognise the essential elements of the medical profession, including ethical principles, legal responsibilities and patient-centered professional skills.
  • 02 - Understand the importance of central principles, in particular of professional confidentiality for the benefit of patients, society and the profession.
  • 03 - Know how to apply the principle of social justice to professional practice and understand the ethical implications of health in a changing global context.
  • 04 - Develop professional practice with respect for patient autonomy, beliefs and culture.
  • 05 - Recognize own limitations and the need to maintain and upgrade professional skills, with particular emphasis on autonomous learning of new knowledge and skills and motivation for quality.
  • 06 - Develop professional practice with other health professionals, acquiring teamwork skills.
  • 13 - Obtain and develop a clinical history that contains all relevant information.
  • 18 - To indicate the most appropriate (pharmacological, surgical, psychological, social or other) treatments that are pertinent to the most prevalent procedures, in terms of rehabilitation and also terminally ill patients, including an evaluation of their effectiveness.
  • 20 - Acquire adequate clinical experience in hospitals, health centers and other health institutions under supervision, as well as basic knowledge of clinical management and patient-centered proper use of tests, drugs and other health system resources.
  • 21 - Listen carefully, obtain and synthesize relevant information about the problems affecting the patient and understand the contents of this information.
  • 33 - Maintain and use records with patient data for later analysis, preserving the confidentiality of the data.
  • CB-3 - To know how to evaluate and select the appropriate scientific theories and precise methodologies required by their field of study to make judgements based on incomplete or limited information. Where necessary and appropriate, this includes a reflection on the ethical and social responsibility linked to the solution suggested in each case.
  • CTP-2 - To develop a perception and understanding of their own emotions and those of others, as well as the intelligence adjust answers.
  • CTP-3 - To develop critical thinking and reasoning as well as self-assessment skills.
  • CTS-1 - To know the principles of leadership and decision making in ordinary situations or in conflicts with and between various ethical, legal and professional elements.
  • CTS-2 - To demonstrate sensitivity to environmental issues and act accordingly.
  • CTS-3 - To promote and ensure respect for human rights and the principles of universal accessibility, equality, non-discrimination as well as the values of democracy and a culture of peace.

Learning outcomes

 - The student has acquired the skills to identify and raise ethical issues in research and clinical practice.

- The student has acquired the knowledge to ensure respect for the dignity, security, privacy and autonomy of the person ill from the medical profession.

- The student has elements for clinical decision making from the interdisciplinary contribution of bioethics.

Syllabus

Introduction
CM Introduction. The Portfolio
Professional relationships
MC Medical professionalism
CM Professional colleges. Code of Ethics
MC Conscientious objection
MC Ethics of the distribution of health resources
MC Conflict of interests
MC Refusal of attendance
Patient Autonomy
MC Confidentiality. Medical secrecy. Medical history
MC Informed Consent
MC Advance Wills: Living Will 
MC Rejection of the treatment 
CM Therapeutic limitation 
End of life
MC Hospice care. Sedation terminal Vi
CM Conclusions of the  Portfolios

CM Lecture

MC Case Method

Teaching and learning activities

In person



The master classes will be conducted  in person, according to the planned schedule.

Small group classes will be held in person, according to the scheduled calendar. No change of group may be made in any case.

 

Evaluation systems and criteria

In person



The final note is obtained by:

 

70% Theoretical exam. It is necessary to pass the exam to pass the subject. The final exam will consist of test questions and short questions

 

30% Portfolio, class attendance, participation and involvement, initiatives, analyzes of bioethics topics will be evaluated...


Bibliography and resources

 

CICCONE, L., Bioética. Historia, principios y cuestiones (trad. A. Esquivias), Palabra, Madrid, 2005.

SGRECCIA, E., Manual de Bioética; México, 1996.

COUCEIRO, A., Ética en cuidados paliativos; Triacastela, San Sebastián, 2004

NAVARRO-VALLS R., Conflictos entre conciencia y ley. Las objeciones de conciencia. Ed. Iustel. Madrid 2011.

Webs de referencia:

Centro de Documentación de Bioética. Universidad de Navarra http://www.unav.es/cdb/

Documents of the World Medical Association: http://www.wma.net

Bioethics news from around the world http://www.bioedge.org/

Portal de Bioética http://www.bioeticaweb.com

Asociación para la Defensa del Derecho a la Objeción de conciencia: http://www.andoc.es/

Evaluation period

E: exam date | R: revision date | 1: first session | 2: second session:
  • E1 22/05/2023 14:00h