Universitat Internacional de Catalunya

Building Construction II

Building Construction II
5
7984
2
Second semester
OB
Technical Module
Construction 2
Main language of instruction: English

Other languages of instruction: Spanish
If the student is enrolled for the English track then classes for that subject will be taught in the same language.

Teaching staff


The students mails will be attended or fixing an a video call appointment when required by the student or the professor. 

Introduction

In the event that the health authorities announce a new period of confinement due to the evolution of the health crisis caused by COVID-19, the teaching staff will promptly communicate how this may effect the teaching methodologies and activities as well as the assessment.


Following on from the knowledge acquired in the subjects of Construction 0 and I in relation to land management, flooring and roofing, the Construction II syllabus will concentrate on the materials that make up the structure of a building, with a particular emphasis on houses and their different structural typologies.

Pre-course requirements

Basic knowledge of physics, mathematics, drawing, graphic representation and the subject matter taught in the previous construction syllabuses.

Objectives

To provide students with information on the different building materials and typologies used to find a constructive solution to structural elements.

To provide students with the tools for the correct construction planning of a project in terms of the physical characteristics of the place, the project and planning considerations.

Competencies

  • 12-T - Ability to conceive, calculate, design, integrate in buildings and urban complexes and execute building structures
  • 15-T - Ability to conceive, calculate, design, integrate in buildings and urban complexes and execute foundation solutions
  • 17 - Ability to apply building and technical standards
  • 18 - Ability to preserve the structure of buildings, foundations and civil works
  • 24 - To acquire adequate knowledge of the mechanics of solids, continuous medium and soil as well as the plastic, elasticity and resistance properties of materials for structural works
  • 25 - To acquire adequate knowledge of conventional building systems and their pathology
  • 26 - To acquire adequate knowledge of physical and chemical characteristics, production processes, pathology and the use of construction materials
  • 27 - To acquire adequate knowledge of industrialised building systems.

Learning outcomes

The student should be able to determine the most appropriate building material in each case to solve the structure of a building and, at the same time, be able to establish the most suitable type of construction.

Syllabus

INTRODUCTION

  • The significance of material
  • The perception of architectural space
  • The physics of space
  • The physics of perception

STRUCTURAL DEMANDS

- Definition of the structure

- Structural demands

  • Equilibrium
  • Stability
  • Resistance
  • Functionality
  • Economy
  • Aesthetics
  • Optimum structures

- Loads: definition and classification

- Common stresses in structures

  • Axial
  • Shear
  • Bending
  • Torsion

CONVENTIONAL SOLID CONSTRUCTION VS. LIGHTWEIGHT CONSTRUCTION

- Notions for the choice of structural typology

- Construction comparison: conventional vs. lightweight

SPECIAL HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL DEVELOPMENTS

- Cores and claddings according to conventional solid or lightweight construction

  • Frameworks, vaults, domes

- Hollows and their impact on the structure, depending on its typology

- Horizontal growth processes

  • Extensions
  • Additions

- Vertical growth processes

  • Spatial overlap
  • Load-bearing structures that change
  • Combined structure of walls and slabs

LOAD-BEARING WALLS AND FRAMEWORKS IN THE VERTICAL PLANE

- Load-bearing walls

  • Definition
  • Solving the transmission of horizontal forces
  • Conditions required from slabs for bracing the structure

- Frameworks

  • Definition
  • Solving the transmission of horizontal stresses

THE TERRAIN: CONTAINMENT AND FOUNDATIONS

  • The underground, the invisible and their relationship with the exterior
  • Characteristics of the terrain that determine the foundations
  • Structural factors that determine the foundations
  • Types of terrain in terms of material
  • Defective land
  • Land with no consistency
  • Consistent land
  • Rock

- Geotechnical surveys

  • Preliminary information
  • Organization of the survey
  • Planning
  • Fieldwork
  • Laboratory tests
  • Geotechnical reports

- Foundations

  • Definition
  • Materials
  • Types
  • Foundations for walls
  • Foundations for pillars
  • Foundations for piles
  • Foundations for micro-piles

- Earth containment

  • Gravity walls
  • Cross-braced walls
  • Walls that work by geometry
  • Lining walls
  • Cantilever walls
  • Buttressed walls
  • Retaining walls
  • Basement walls

§ Underpinnings

§ Diaphragm walls

CONCRETE

- Background and historical introduction

- Mass concrete and reinforced concrete

- Cement, stone aggregates, water, additives

- Active and passive reinforcements

- Solidification and curing

- Concreting in situ

- Recoverable and lost formwork

- Vertical elements

  • Pillars
  • Walls
  • Finishes

- Horizontal elements: floors

  • Functions and requirements
  • One-way and two-way floors
  • Vaulted and beamed floors
  • Solid slabs
  • Lightweight slabs
  • Waffle slabs
  • Pre-stressed slabs
  • Pre-slabs
  • Alveolar slabs
  • “PI” slabs

- Example of a concrete house

MASONRY

- Masonry in natural stone

  • Masonry
  • Mixed masonry
  • Rough ashlar masonry
  • Smooth ashlar masonry

- Brick masonry

  • Introduction to rigging
  • Formats

-          Concrete masonry

-          Example of house in concrete masonry

METAL STRUCTURES

  • Background and historical introduction
  • Steel: definition
  • Steel as a structural material
  • Advantages and disadvantages of metal structures
  • Types of framework and structural solutions
  • Steel profiles
  • Elements subject to compression
  • Elements subject to bending
  • Fire protection
  • Joints
  • Floors
  • Example of a house with a metal structure

TIMBER

  • Section of a trunk
  • Internal composition and structure
  • Physical properties
  • Wood products and derivatives
  • Sawn timber
  • Plywood
  • Particleboards
  • Inorganic materials made from wood

- Construction systems

  • Solid slabs of plywood
  • Free-standing Kerto type panels
  • Frameworks, building with poles
  • Balloon frame
  • Frame
  • Board system
  • Grid system

- Example of a house with a timber structure

Topic 1 Class 1


Teaching and learning activities

In blended



TRAINING ACTIVITYCOMPETENCESECTS CREDITS
Class exhibition
12-T 13-T 14-T 15-T 16-T 17 18 19 20 21 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 1,25
Class participation
12-T 13-T 14-T 15-T 16-T 17 18 19 20 21 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 0,12
Clase practice
12-T 13-T 14-T 15-T 16-T 17 18 19 20 21 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 0,42
Tutorials
12-T 13-T 14-T 15-T 16-T 17 18 19 20 21 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 0,71
Individual or group study
12-T 13-T 14-T 15-T 16-T 17 18 19 20 21 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 2,5

Bibliography and resources

La Construcció de l’arquitectura 1: Les tècniques

 

                   Institut de Tecnologia de la Construcció de Catalunya

                   Ignacio Paricio Ansuategui

 

La Construcció de l’arquitectura 1: Els elements

 

                   Institut de Tecnologia de la Construcció de Catalunya

                   Ignacio Paricio Ansuategui

 

El gros de l’obra. Uns apunts de construcció

 

                   Aula d’arquitectura / ETSAB

                   Fructuós Mañá Reixach

 

Manual. Ejecución de fachadas con ladrillo cara vista

 

                   HISPALIYT

                   Varios autores.

 

El muro de ladrillo.

 

                   HISPALIYT

                   Varios autores.

 

La construcción de edificios. Albañilería y hormigón armado.

 

                   Paraninfo.

                   Gérard Baud

 

Introducción a la Construcción (I) y (II)

 

                   Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Barcelona

                   Monografías 3.17 y 3.18

 

Solucions Constructives per a l’Arquitectura d’avui

 

                   Col·legi d’Arquitectes  de Catalunya

 

Hormigón Armado

 

                   Editorial Gustavo Gili

P.  Jimenez Montoya, a. García Meseguer, F. Morán Cabré

 

Prontuario ENSIDESA

 

The Vertical Building Structure

 

                   Van Nostrand Reinhold

                   Wolfgang schueller

 

Razón y ser de los tipos estructurales.

 

                   Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas.

                   Eduardo Torroja Miret

 

Estructuras para arquitectos.

 

                   CP67 Editorial

                   Mario Salvadori y Robert Heller

 

Breve introducción a las estructuras y sus mecanismos resistentes.

 

                   CYPE Ingenieros S.A.

                   Flrentino Regalado Tesoro

 

El terreno

 

                   Ediciones UPC

                   Matilde González Caballero

 

Cálculo de Estructuras de Cimentación

 

                   Intemac

                   José Calavera Ruiz

 

Muros de contención y muros de sótano

 

                   Intemac

                   José Calavera Ruiz

 

Estructuras de Madera. Diseño y Cálculo

 

                   AITIM

                   Ramón Argüelles Alvarez y Francisco Arriaga Martitegui

 

La Estructura Metálica hoy.

 

                   Librería Técnica Bellisco

                   Ramón Argüelles Alvarez

 

Construcción Mixta. Hormigón-Acero.

 

                   Editorial Rueda

                   Julio Martínez Calzón y Jesús Ortiz Herrera

 

Sistemas de estructuras.

 

                   Editorial Gustavo Gili, S.A.

                   Heino Engel

La arquitectura como técnica (1)

                  

                   A.T.C. Ediciones

                   Ramón Araujo Armero

 

Cálculo, Construcción, patología, y rehabilitación de forjados de edificación.

                  

                   Intemac

                   José Calavera

 

Banco de detalles arquitectónicos 2002

                  

                   Marsay Ediciones s.l.

                   F. Alcalde Pecero