Universitat Internacional de Catalunya

Introduction of Law

Introduction of Law
First semester
Main language of instruction: Spanish

Other languages of instruction: Catalan

Teaching staff

Tuesday, from 9:00 AM untill 10:00 AM


The introduction to the law means first, a conceptual rounds as to what law approximation.

It is a first contact of the student with the great philosophical questions that have surrounded and surround the law.

Familiarize students with the legal vocabulary you will encounter throughout the race will be one of the main goals of the course. Vocabulary that will be essential to acquire after more legal expertise.

We examine determinants such as the meaning of the law. The relationships you have with power. The validity of legal norms and the difference to the value thereof.

We will want to focus on the different social functions performed by the law.

We stop at the sources of law, in the structure of the legal rule in the general principles of law, in the various branches of law.

They will also detailed the fundamental individual rights. And in the final section we will delve into the different theories of justice.

Pre-course requirements

No pre-requisites for this course.


  • Familiarise the student with the basic components of a legal system:  vocabulary, concepts and institutions, functions, etc.
  • Offer the student the light legal philosophers have shed and their reflections throughout history, providing a complete definition of law and justice.


  • 01 - To acquire the ability to understand main ideas and participate in conferences or professor led lectures in their academic context.
  • 02 - To acquire the ability to understand, analyse and synthesise
  • 03 - To be able to express one's ideas and arguments in an orderly and coherent way both in oral and written form (written and oral techniques)
  • 09 - To develop mechanisms that favour sensitivity towards issues related to fundamental rights as well as respect for other cultures and customs
  • 14 - To be aware of the importance of the Law as a regulatory system for social relationships
  • 16 - To be able to use constitutional principles and values as work tools when interpreting the legal system
  • 18 - To understand the different ways of creating Law within its historical evolution as well as its current state

Learning outcomes

  • To know and understand the fundamental concepts in law.
  • To have acquired the vocabulary and legal culture necessary for study and legal material.
  • To know and understand the differnt concepts of law and justice.
  • To have acquired basic knowledge on standard theories.
  • To identify the main agents that participate in the elaboration, interpretation and application of law.
  • To have acquired skills for oral and written communication.
  • To have acquired the ability to analyse and sythesise information received in class and from the material provided by the professor.
  • To be able to work autonomously and be able to plan and organise one's own learning.
  • To have acquired the skills that foster reading comprehension. 
  • To use basic legal terminology accurately.
  • To have developed habits for neatness in one's presentations and documents.



  1. Moral, uses and rules of social treatment

  1. Article 155 CE

  1. Social dimention of Law
  2. Conflict resolution





  1. nova sentència




Teaching and learning activities

In person

In order to carry out the first part, analysis of the basic concepts through discussion and practical examples will exist in addition professor led lectures in the classroom.  Different reading comprehension exercises taken from a variety of texts will be presented and discussed in the classroom as well.

Outside of the classroom, the student should study basic legal vocabulary, prepare text analysis as well as carry out information searches in legal databases.

Presentación en el aula de los conceptos y su aplicación práctica
01 14 18
Actividades en el aula para el seguimiento de los alumnos (individual y en grupo)
02 03 09 16
Estudio y trabajo independiente del alumno
02 03 11 16 18

Evaluation systems and criteria

In person

In the Introduction to Theory of Law course, we will work on the acquisition of legal vocabulary, the great doctrinal currents that surround the Law, the functions of Justice, the General Principles of Law and the conceptual approach to different legal institutes that the student will find throughout the entire career of Law. Especially, we will do it through the teaching of face-to-face classes, readings of legal texts and individual typewritten works, to finish the subject with the passing of two exams. partial character and, another, final.


The Evaluation will follow the following System:


a) The continuous assessment block, (40% of the total assessment)


It's integrated by:


- the active and constant participation of the student in the classes,


- The punctual delivery of individual assignments and practices that will be periodic and will be corrected by the teacher. It is an essential requirement that the papers be typed, with identification of the author and delivered by hand individually at the teacher's request.


- and the presentation and passing of a mandatory midterm exam, scheduled for next Tuesday, November 3, 2020.


WARNINGS: The midterm exam is mandatory. .This exam will help the student to know his own evolution of the knowledge of the subject. It will not release material for the final exam. But if a grade higher than 7 (Notable) is obtained, the grade obtained will count positively with 2 more points than the final evaluation grade (20%).


The unjustified non-completion of the partial test will represent the loss of 2 points of the continuous evaluation.


b) The face-to-face exam of the entire subject taught (60% of the evaluation)


There will be a final exam of the entire subject taught and the grade obtained will be worth a maximum of 6 points of the entire evaluation.


NOTE: Class attendance is mandatory. Roll call "ad personam" at the beginning of each class. The NO unjustified attendance to 1/3 of the face-to-face classes, will represent the automatic loss of 1 point of the entire evaluation of the subject.


Bibliography and resources

Bibliografía Básica:

AAVV, Introducción a la Teoría del Derecho, 3ª ed., Tirant lo Blanch, Valencia, 1997.

Fernández Galiano, Lecciones de Teoría del Derecho y Derecho Natural, Universitas, 1999.

Luis Prieto Sánchís, Apuntes de teoría del derecho. Trotta 2005.

Fco Javier Ansuátegui, Fragmentos de Teoría del Derecho. Dyckinson 2005.

Javier Hervada, Cuatro lecciones de derecho natural: parte especial. Eunsa 1998.

Bibliografía complementaria:

Javier Hervada, Introducción crítica al Derecho natural. Eunsa 1999.

Moreso y Vilajoana, Introducción a la Teoría del Derecho. Marcial y Pons 2004.

Paloma Durán, Notas de Teoría del Derecho. Universitat Jaume I, 2002

AAVV. Teoría y Fundamentos del Derecho. Perspectivas críticas,Tecnos 2011.

Javier Hervada. ¿Qué es el Derecho?, Eunsa

Pérez Royo, Las fuentes del Derecho, Tecnos, temas clave de la Constitución Española

Durany Pich, Objeciones de Conciencia, Instituto Martín de Azpilicueta, 1998

Teaching and learning material