Universitat Internacional de Catalunya

Legal and Political Institutions

Legal and Political Institutions
Second semester
Information and Knowledge Society
Derecho y Economía
Main language of instruction: Catalan

Other languages of instruction: Spanish

Teaching staff

Ana Isabel Rodríguez airodriguez@uic.es 

Pere Buhigas pbuhigas@uic.es


This is a Basic Learning subject (FB) of 6 ECTS credits which is taught in the first semester of the second year of the Bachelor’s Degree in Audiovisual Communication. This course aims to introduce students with an overview of the legal and political institutions, both at the global and European level, and state, regional and local levels.

Pre-course requirements



Understand and master basic concepts such as state, nation, sovereignty, constitution or rule of law.

Know the main international organisations and their basic operation.

Know and be aware of the different legal frameworks on which we depend: universal laws, European standards, Spanish standards, Catalan standards.

Understand the basic functioning of the main democratic systems of the world.

Understand the role of the different European institutions and the functions assigned to each one of them.

Know the legal and political framework of Catalonia as an Autonomous Community of Spain and within the framework of the European Union.

Identify the forms of the territorial division of power in Spain.

Know the role, regulation and functions of the legislative power in Spain and the characteristics of the bicameral system.

Know the functions of the state and regional government and its composition.

Know the competences, scope and functions of the main audiovisual regulation authorities in our territory.



  • 01 - The ability to adapt to varying circumstances
  • 02 - The ability to understand, accept criticism and correct errors
  • 03 - The ability to administer and manage human and technical resources
  • 04 - The ability to work in a team and autonomously
  • 05 - The ability to organise time and workspace
  • 06 - The ability to develop academic rigour, responsibility, ethics and professionalism
  • 07 - The ability to apply the deontology and respect for the audiovisual sector
  • 08 - The ability of critical analysis, synthesis, concretion and abstraction
  • 09 - The ability to objectify, quantify and interpret (data, statistics, empirical evidence…)
  • 10 - The ability to confront difficulties and resolve problems
  • 11 - The ability to generate debate and reflection
  • 12 - The ability to meet deadlines, develop the ability to be punctual and respect for human, technical and material resources
  • 13 - The ability to create spoken and written communication
  • 15 - Knowledge and mastery of body language and techniques for public speaking
  • 16 - The ability to manage, analysis and reflect on content
  • 20 - Knowledge and mastery of bibliographic media
  • 21 - Knowledge and mastery of the digital culture
  • 26 - The ability to develop a sense of taste and perfection in the aesthetics and finalization of projects
  • 28 - Knowledge and mastery of principle economic concepts.
  • 29 - The ability to budget projects of differing magnitude
  • 30 - The ability to study the feasibility of an audiovisual product
  • 31 - The ability to understand the financial systems of media groups and companies.
  • 35 - The ability to contextualize and critically analyze the products of the audiovisual industry
  • 37 - The ability to contextualize and critically analyze the organizational structure of global communication
  • 38 - The ability to understand and apply the structure of the audiovisual system
  • 39 - The ability to understand and apply the legal dimension of an audiovisual product
  • 40 - The ability to defend and respect authorship and intellectual property
  • 41 - The ability to know how the distinct elemental agencies of the audio visual sector function
  • 53 - Lingustic ability in Catalan, Spanish and English
  • 54 - The ability to skillfully manage the literature, terminology and linguistic structures of the English language related to the field of communication.

Learning outcomes

Once the course is finished, students will have assimilated a complex vision of contemporary societies.

They will understand the legal, economic and institutional framework in which their professional work takes place.

They will delve into contemporary culture and thought and its influences on personal and collective dynamics.

They will facilitate relationships between people, groups, institutions and organisations.



Topic 1. The State.

Topic 2. Democracy, election and representation.


Topic 3. Presidential and parliamentary systems.

 Topic 4. International organisations.


Topic 5: The European Union

Topic 6: Community Institutions


Topic 7. The Spanish State

Topic 8. The Head of State and the President of the Government

Topic 9. The Spanish Cortes Generales

Topic 10. The territorial organisation of the State: the Autonomous Communities

Topic 11. Administration of justice


Topic 12. The political institutions of Catalonia


Topic13. Political communication


Teaching and learning activities

In person



Coaching. Monitoring how students learn the content of the subject, either individually or in groups. In the coaching sessions, mistakes will be corrected, queries answered, and exercises and activities to achieve the established objectives will be suggested. 0.2
Focused Praxis. Handing in occasional exercises to learn theory through practice. 1.4
Lectures. In lectures, lecturers/professors not only transmit content or knowledge, but also, and above all else, attitudes, motivation, skills and values, etc. They also ensure that participants can express their opinions and arguments to the other students. 2.7
Meeting Point. Meetings will be organised with notable people from the professional and scientific fields or the international field, and students. These sessions will take the form of conferences, work sessions, discussions, or interviews, etc. 0.4
Peer learning. The aim of this activity is to ensure that students gain the ability to analyse and be critical. One way of achieving this is by correcting their peers' exercises and results, etc. Each student will be evaluated twice: as both a recipient and a transmitter of critical knowledge. 1.0
Mentoring programme. Ensuring a review of and in-depth look at competences and knowledge, as well as the development of habits involving social commitment and responsibility, with the strongest students providing guidance for students from lower years, particularly if they have any type of disability (physical, etc). 0.3

Evaluation systems and criteria

In person

The different learning activities are planned in order to achieve the objectives and competences set out above. The assessment will be continuous and will consist of different parts for each block of the subject:

Final exam on class contents and bibliography (30%).

Practice in pairs of Part I: Constitution (35%).

Practice in pairs of Part II: International System (35%).

Second examination sitting (100%). The final exam will consist of making two text commentaries relating to the contents of the syllabus. See note on Final exam in first examination sitting.

Third and fourth examination sittings. Students will not be required to attend classes in person. They must undertake an analytical and comparative academic paper of no more than 10-15 pages on a topic assigned by the lecturers at the beginning of the semester. The written work will count for 70% of the final grade and must be presented orally in a face-to-face or online session at the end of the course. The oral presentation represents the other 30% of the mark, in which the student must answer a series of questions about the paper presented in the oral session.

In accordance with the Faculty regulations, the assessment will have a prior spelling check. It is necessary to pass this first review to pass the exam or practice.

Bibliography and resources

Bibligrafia Bàsica

Abellán, V. i Vilà, B. (2005) Lecciones de Derecho Comunitario Europeo. Barcelona: Ariel

Díez de Velasco Vallejo, M. (2002). Las Organizaciones internacionales. Madrid: Tecnos

Enoch Albertí i altres: Manual de Dret Públic de Catalunya. Barcelona, IAE, 2000

Fossas Espadaler, E. i Pérez Francesch; JL. (1994) Lliçons de Dret Constitucional. Barcelona: Enciclopèdia Catalana.

Mangas Martín, A.; Liñan Noagueras, D. (2005) Instituciones y Derecho de la Unión Europea. Madrid: Tecnos

Morata, F. (1999),  La Unión Europea. Barcelona:  Ariel.

Mercè  Barceló, Joan Vintró (coord) Dret Públic de Catalunya. Barcelona, Cedecs, 2001

Milian Massana, E. (2004). El Consell de l'Audiovisual de Catalunya : àmbit, funcions i potestats de l'autoritat de supervisió i control dels continguts audiovisuals a Catalunya. Barcelona : Generalitat de Catalunya, Departament de Relacions Institucionals i Participació, Institut d'Estudis Autonòmics.

Scotto, M. (1995) Las Instituciones europeas. Barcelona: Salvat


Bibliografia complementària

Amin,A. i Tomaney, J. (1998) Behind the Mith of European Union. Londres: Routledge.

Banhoff, Th. i Smith, M. (1997). Legitimacy and the European Union. Londres: Routledge.

Barata, J. (2006) Democracia y audiovisual: fundamentos normativos para una reforma del régimen español. Madrid: Marcial Pons.

Borja,J. i Castells, M. (1997) Local y Global. Madrid: Taurus.

Casquete,J. (1998) Política, cultura y movimientos sociales. Bilbao: Bakeaz.

Duverger, M. (1980) Instituciones políticas y derecho constitucional. Barcelona: Ariel.

Sánchez Picanyol, Jordi (2005). La democràcia electrònica. Barcelona: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya.

López Hernández, J.; Rico, A. (2002) (et al.) Institucions socials i polítiques contemporànies. Barcelona: UOC.

Morata, F. (2000) Políticas Públicas en la Unión Europea. Barcelona: Ariel.




Teaching and learning material