Subject

General Pathology II

  • code 08606
  • course 2
  • term Semester 2
  • type FB
  • credits 6

Module: Health Sciences Module

Matter: Physiology

Main language of instruction: Spanish

Other languages of instruction: Catalan

Timetable
 Sem.2  MO 08:00 10:00 
 Sem.2  TU 08:00 10:00 
 Sem.2  WE 08:00 10:00 
 Sem.2  TH 08:00 10:00 
 Sem.2  FR 08:00 10:00 

Teaching staff

Head instructor

Dr. Fernando FUERTES - ffuertes@uic.es

Office hours

Dr. Ferran Fuertes: After class or by email asking ho

Dr. José Ramón Méndez: After class or by email asking hours

Dr. Ramón Mir: After class or by email asking hours

Location: Office of the Faculty

Introduction

In the PATHOLOGY II course, students will acquire the knowledge that will enable them to understand, explore and address the various factors involved in health and disease within the medical-surgical and maternal-child areas of health. Students will study different disease systems, the fundamentals of the maternal-child area, the gynecological obstetrical and pediatric pathology, and actual and / or potential problems arising where assistance by the nurse is needed.

Pre-course requirements

  • To develop the course and achieve the objectives it is necessary that students have sufficient knowledge of human anatomy and physiology, the fundamental requirements needed to complete these courses in the degree, or the equivalent.

Objectives

GENERAL:

  1. Students will develop cognitive, psychomotor abilities and relational skills that enable them to integrate knowledge of basic general pathology in the adult, so to provide adequate nursing care, and promoting the development of autonomy and maintaining health, prevention of disease, and welfare of the patient, family and community.
  2. Know the most common diseases of the following systems: endocrine and metabolic, nephrology, hematology and surgical general pathology.
  3. Learn to assess and address the needs of women in their reproductive stages of life
  4. Develop attitudes that enable them to work in teams, assuming responsibilities within their competence in the promotion, prevention and care in the health of women and their health education.
  5. Know the somatic and psychological characteristics of the child, along their different stages of life.
  6. Value and care for the child in situations of health and disease.
     

SPECIFICS:

  1. Know the various mechanisms of generation of pathological processes
  2. Knowing the most common diseases of various health systems (cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive and neurological) according to the following methodology: definition, pathogenesis, pathophysiology and symptomatology.
  3. Acquire knowledge of the pathophysiology and clinical scientific basis for nursing.
  4. Acquire adequate knowledge of the therapeutic orientations.
  5. Knowing the general principles of prophylaxis
  6. Know the prognosis and possible complications of the most common diseases.
  7. Take specific assessments of signs, symptoms and problems, using clinical judgment and establishing priorities.
  8. Acquire knowledge of the anatomical physiology of the female reproductive system.
  9. Know the process of fertilization, normal and pathological pregnancy.
  10. Acquire basic knowledge of healthy child growth.
  11. Know the pathophysiology, clinical, therapeutic orientations of the major diseases of childhood.

Competencies

  • 11. E - Establish effective communication with patients, families, social groups and partners and promote health education.
  • 12. B - Know and observe the ethical code of conduct of Spanish nursing, understanding the ethical implications of health in a changing global context.
  • 15. B - Work with the team of professionals as a basic unit in which uni or multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary professionals and other staff of health care are organized.
  • 1. G - Ability to provide technical and professional health care appropriate to the health needs of the people they treat, with full technical and scientific autonomy, according to current and available scientific knowledge and to the quality standards and safety requirements set forth in the applicable legal standards and code of ethics.
  • 20. B - Multidisciplinary teamwork
  • 21. B - Oral and written communication.
  • 22. G - Use and management of information and research
  • 23. B - Ability to analyze and synthesize.
  • 24. G - Ability to work autonomously.
  • 25. E - Knowledge of the field of study
  • 6. E - Base nursing care on scientific evidence and available resources.

Learning outcomes

  • Know the most prevalent diseases.
  • Recognize symptoms and signs of specific diseases from childhood to adulthood.
  • Prioritize care needs in each clinical situation
  • Identify complications of these clinical situations both in pediatric patients and in adults.
  • To act before a problem or patient complication from childhood to adulthood.
  • Have acquired adequate knowledge in therapeutic, pharmacological, physical and surgical guidance.
  • Know testing imaging and its foundation and the preparation necessary for the diagnosis of pathologies associated with endocrine system, dermatology, ENT, hematology, nephrology, obstetrics, gynecology and pediatrics.

Syllabus

GENERAL PATHOLOGY ADULT (II) 

Endocrinology and Metabolism: Pathology of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Pathology of the adrenal cortex and medulla: hyperfunction and hypofunction syndromes. Pathology Thyroid hyperfunction and hypofunction syndromes. Study of goiters. Pathology of the parathyroid. Calcium, phosphate and magnesium metabolisms. Pathology of the endocrine pancreas. Pathology of carbohydrate metabolism: Diabetes mellitus (concept, classification, clinical manifestations and complications). Pathology of the metabolism of fat. Pathology amino acid metabolism and plasma proteins. Metabolism disorders purines and porphyrins.  

Hematology: 
Pathology red series: concept and classification of anemias. Pathology white series: leukocytosis and leukopenia; acute and chronic leucosis. myeloproliferative syndromes. Poliglobulias. Pathology of hemostasis: hemorrhagic diathesis and thrombosis.  

Nephrology: Acute syndrome and chronic renal failure. Pathology of the renal glomerulus. Nephritic syndrome. Nephrotic syndrome. Interstitial pathology. Tubular syndromes. Vascular syndromes.

Fundamentals of surgical pathology:
intestinal occlusion and ischemia. Inflammatory bowel diseases. Digestive oncology. Surgical diseases of the pancreas. Pathology of cholelithiasis and its complications. Surgical pathology of arteries and veins. Oncology respiratory system. Urinary tract infections. Pathology of urinary calculi. Nephrourinary oncology unit. Medical-surgical pathology of the male genital tract. Medical-surgical bone pathology. Medical-surgical pathology of the joints. Pathology of collagen diseases. Medical-surgical pathology of the eye and annexes. medical-surgical pathology ear, nose and larynx. Medical and surgical pathology of the skin and its annexes.  

SPECIAL GENERAL PATHOLOGY  

Obstetrics and Gynecology: The beginning of life. Anatomy, physiology and general pathology of the female reproductive system. The gynecological examination. Changes in menstrual cycle. Pathology of menopause and menopause. Pain in gynecology. Infections of the female genital tract. Fertility and human fertility. Reproductive physiology. Fetal development and normal delivery.  

Pediatrics:
1. The healthy child. Anatomy and Physiology Evolutionary Growth and maturity of the child. Concept and limits of Pediatrics. Stages of childhood: Baby, infant, early childhood, preschool, school, puberty and adolescence. Body growth: weight, size and proportions. Sexual development. Development of organs and systems. Psychomotor development. Psychological monitoring healthy child. Warning signs.  
2. Preventive Pediatrics. Child care attention. Health Program of the healthy child. Guidelines to child's education. Food and nutrition. Assessment of nutritional status. Prevention of accidents and poisoning. Screening techniques  
3. Diseases of children.  Healthy and pathological newborn care. Prematurity. Gastrointestinal disorders: acute and chronic diarrhea, vomiting, constipation, abdominal pain. Liver and pancreatic disease. Pediatric Ophthalmology ENT pathology. Respiratory diseases: pneumonia, bronchiolitis, bronchitis, asthma. Heart disease: congenital heart disease, heart failure and rhythm disorders. Nephrourologic pathology: urinary tract infection, glomerulonephritis, nephrotic syndrome, renal failure. Endocrine-metabolic disease. Pathology of the Nervous System. Exanthematous diseases. Pediatric Dermatology. Children with social pathology. Child abuse. Immigration.

Teaching and learning activities

- The methodology to be used will be 60% for introductory theory topics by the professor (lectures with audiovisual support) and preparation for cooperative learning, 25% for the case method, 10% for student tutorials or student work in UIC along with their cooperative learning that will be presented with the rest of the student's classmates, and 5% for the presentation of the students' completed cooperative learning projects.

- The existence of groups means that course professors must distribute the topics to the students for them to prepare and present. Thus, course professors clearly indicate the topics to be developed by students and the presentation time of each so that each group will present their topics for 2 hours.

- The cooperative work will be done on issues that are announced by the professor so that the students can independently prepare them in groups under the guidance of the professor. In class, students will present their collaborative work by presenting a topic that will be subject to examination in the same way that the introduction of the topics was given by the professor. After the students' presentations, the professor will explain the appropriate knowledge needed. Cooperative work groups will be about 6 students, with an average of 80 students per class and course there will be about 13-14 groups.

METHODOLOGYCOMPETENCESECTS CREDITS
Cooperative learning
Lecture
Case method
Project-based learning
11. E 12. B 15. B 1. G 20. B 21. B 22. G 23. B 24. G 25. E 4. B 6. E 6

Evaluation systems and criteria

Examination 

The evaluation of the course consists of:

  • Continuous assessment of student work in the classroom: 40%.
  • Evaluation of final exam with public exam: 60%.

To pass the course, students must meet all the following requirements:

  • The average scores of both the final theoretical evaluation and continuous assessment should be at least five (5) points ( out of a total of ten (10) points).
  • Failure to pass one of the two evaluations will entail not passing the course.

Continuous assessment of student work in the classroom (40% of the total mark)

Student evaluation will consider both individual and cooperative work and midterm tests that are done in a way such as:

  • 40% of the mark comes from the professor on the student presentation and cooperative work. This section evaluates the following skills: 11E, 12B, 15B, 1G, 20B, 21B, 22G, 23B, 24G, 25E, 6E.
  • 60% of the midterm marks (anticipated response questions contain multiple - choice and / or short answer questions).The total number of tests does not exceed 3 throughout the semester. Skills 21B , 24G, 1G, 25E, 4B, 23G will be evaluated.

End of the course theoretical evaluation (60% of the total mark):

  • This section evaluates the following skills:212B, 22G, 23B, 24G, 25E, 6E.
  • Expect to answer multiple - choice questions
     

First Resit

To pass the first resit, you must meet all the following requirements:

  • Students will have to have passed the 2 parts of the course: the final test and continuous work during the semester.
  • For this first resit, the mark of the passed part of the 1st examination (if exist)  is counted and only the part or parts  of the exam that were failed shall be re-taken (final exam or continous evaluation)
  • The exam will consist of a multiple choice test where the questions have five possible options each where only one is correct but there can also be topic to develop in short answer test questions.
  • Honors qualifications will not be awarded in any resit.
     

Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Resit

The evaluation of the 3rd and 4th call and if necessary, 5th and 6th (if granted) will be equal to the 1st and 2nd call in any case no mark of the previous year will be saved. Both parts of the course must be completed in order to pass the course.

LEADERSHIP PROJECT

The final grade of this subject will be affected by the non-attendance to any of the 3 leadership tutorials of each semester in the following proportion: 0.5 points if missing in the 3 occasions; 0.4 points if you miss 2 tutorials and 0.3 if you miss 1 tutorial. This rule will apply to approved students and unca will be subject to suspension of the subject.

Bibliography and resources

1. Manual de patología general, etiologia, fisiopatologia, semiología, síndromes. S de Castro del Pozo. Barcelona, Masson, 2006.

2. Patología General: semiología clínica y fisiopatología. García Conde. McGraw Hill Interamericana, segunda edición. Madrid, 2003.

3. Introducción al cuerpo humano: Fundamentos de anatomía y fisiología. Tortora, Gerard J, Derrickson, Bryan. Ed Panamericana, México, 2008.

4. Ginecología , Gonzalez Merlo, J. Barcelona Salvat.

5. Manual de obstetricia y ginecología para postgraduados, Vanrrell, Iglesias, Cabero, Barcelona Massons Salvat

6. Pediatria en atención primaria. Bras J, de la Flor J, Masvidal MT. Springer-Verlag Ibérica. Barcelona 1997.

7. La salud de tu hijo. Smith BS. Planeta. Barcelona 1993.

8. Manual de Pediatría. Cruz M, et al. Ergon. Barcelona 2013.

9. Texto ilustrado de Pediatría. Lisauer T y Clayden G. Elsevier-Mosby. Barcelona 2009

Evaluation period

E: exam date | R: revision date | 1: first session | 2: second session:

  • E1 16/03/2020 08:00h
  • R1 02/04/2020 08:00h
  • E2 25/06/2020 08:00h
  • R2 08/07/2020 12:00h
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