Subject

Community Nursing

  • code 08607
  • course 2
  • term Semester 2
  • type OB
  • credits 4

Module: Module II: Fundamentals of Care II

Matter: General Community Nursing

Main language of instruction: Spanish

Timetable
 Sem.2  MO 10:00 12:00 
 Sem.2  TU 10:00 12:00 
 Sem.2  WE 12:00 14:00 
 Sem.2  TH 12:00 14:00 

Teaching staff

Head instructor

Dra. María Ángeles DE JUAN - mdejuan@uic.es

Office hours

Students may contact teachers by appointment via e-mail or after the lessons.

 

Introduction

Community Nursing focuses on helping the individual, family and community to the satisfaction of basic needs throughout the life cycle, and in each of the health-disease processes that they may face. A constant objective of Community Nursing will be the prevention and promotion of self-care and personal responsibility in knowledge and health promotion itself. Because of this, health education is important. In this course the contents about the basics and main tools of health education will be developed.

The Community Nursing course aims to go into depth of the professional development of the student in Community Nursing and in their areas of action with the role of nursing within the primary care unit. In addition, it endeavors to provide the basis for the development and evaluation of health programs.

From the perspective of Applied Psychosocial Sciences, the course aims that students acquire a basic but accurate knowledge about personal, social and cultural human aspects and discover in psychology an aid in the field of health and rehabilitation.

In this course a joint effort will be made to the course of simulation labs, in which the student will face a nursing consultation in three different scenarios with the collaboration of a standard patient. This is a cross - training activity within a project of interdisciplinary teaching innovation.  

Additionally, in this course students will be able to make a solidarity practicum carrying out voluntary activities in NGOs or foundations (Places are limited. Students will receive the information about the selection process and the various possibilities at the beginning of the course).

The solidarity project of the UIC is an integral formative experience that promotes the acquisition of skills for personal development (such as responsibility, social commitment, service capacity, etc.).

Pre-course requirements

  • Not required

Objectives

Section I

  1. Describe the development of primary health care.
  2. Show the different areas of action of community nursing, helping to understand the important role of nursing in the family and in the community.
  3. Define the activities to develop community nursing, aimed at the individual, family and community care.
  4. Analyze the role of nursing within the primary care unit.
  5. Introduce the basis for health planning and health programming.
  6. Identify the different health programs and explain their meanings.


Section II

  1. Facilitate the keys to emotional communication: with patients, families and social groups, including those with communication difficulties.
  2. Reflect on the importance of rapport and social interaction that all health professions require.
  3. Provide expertise in the management and control of verbal and nonverbal factors that determine assertive communication styles.
  4. Introduce basic communication skills.

Learning objectives in solidarity practicum:

  1. Develop commitment to one's own values
  2. Develop an ability to make ethically informed choices
  3. Cultivate a sense of responsibility for one's own conduct and behavior
  4. Develop an ability to think for oneself
  5. Improve the ability to communicate, with special emphasis on listening
  6. Improve the ability to organize and use time effectively
  7. Develop a commitment to exercise their rights and responsibilities as a citizen, actively and willingly contributing to social, economic and environmental improvement.

Competencies

General competences (G), Basic competences (B) and especific competences (E)

In solidarity and practicum they are specially developed the following skills are assessed:
self-commitment; making ethically informed decisions; personal and social responsibility; autonomy; Communication skills; organizational skills and time management.
Moreover, in the course of Community Nursing will develop and evaluate the following competencies:

  • 12. B - Know and observe the ethical code of conduct of Spanish nursing, understanding the ethical implications of health in a changing global context.
  • 17. E - Perform nursing care based on comprehensive health care, which involves multidisciplinary cooperation, integration of processes and continuity of care.
  • 21. B - Oral and written communication.
  • 10. B - Protecting the health and welfare of individuals or groups by ensuring their safety.
  • 11. E - Establish effective communication with patients, families, social groups and partners and promote health education.
  • 13. G - Know the principles of health-care funding and use resources appropriately.
  • 16. G - Know the health information systems.
  • 1. G - Ability to provide technical and professional health care appropriate to the health needs of the people they treat, with full technical and scientific autonomy, according to current and available scientific knowledge and to the quality standards and safety requirements set forth in the applicable legal standards and code of ethics.
  • 24. G - Ability to work autonomously.
  • 2. E - Plan and provide nursing care for individuals or groups, taking health outcomes into account and their impact, through guidelines for clinical practice and care, which describe the four processes by which a health problem is diagnosed or treated.
  • 3. E - Know and apply the theoretical and methodological foundations and principals of nursing.
  • 4. B - Understand the interactive behavior of the person according to their gender, group or community, within their social and multicultural context.
  • 5. G - Design systems of care programed for people or groups, assessing their impact and making necessary modifications.
  • 6. E - Base nursing care on scientific evidence and available resources.
  • 9. E - Promote healthy lifestyles, self-care, as well as the maintenance of therapeutic and preventive behaviors.

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course "General Community Nursing" students will be able to:

  • Assess the importance of families and community groups in health cures.
  • Recognize the importance of identifying the level of health of a community.
  • Describe the different functions of the members of a community and its responsibilities in maintaining health.
  • Recognize the role of the nurse within the scope of Primary Health Care (PHC).
  • Know experienced changes for primary care within healthcare.
  • Identify the different roles within the multidisciplinary health team.
  • Understand and become familiar with documentation and records used in PHC.
  • Identify the autonomous role of the nurse in Primary Care.
  • Understand the basic methodology of health education to develop intervention programs and community involvement.
  • Contact with the field of health monitoring and the role carried out by the nurse.
  • Understand the social reality of the working world.
  • Analyze social aspects that influence the behaviour of a healthy and sick person.
  • Understand the psychological aspects of the disease process and the importance of the professional health field in this process, a fact that will determine the relationship with the patient, family and multidisciplinary team with which you work.

Syllabus

SECTION 1. COMMUNITY NURSING

Unit 1.1. PRIMARY HEALTH CARE: historical background. Concept, features, functions and structure of Primary Health Care. Health Center. The unit of Primary Health Care. The nurse in the primary care unit. Records.

Unit 1.2. HEALTH PLANNING: Concepts; formulation of objectives; design activities; resource allocation; evaluation.

Unit 1.3. COMMUNITY NURSING: Professional model of community nursing. Action fields. Nursing care to the individual, family and community. Nursing consultation. Methods of Health Education.

Unit 1.4. PREVENTIVE NURSING: Immunizations, health screenings and advice


SECTION 2. APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHOLOGICAL

Unit 2.1. Communication. Theoretical Foundations, communication techniques.

Unit 2.2. Communication with the health professional. Burnout syndrome.

Unit 2.3. Communication with the patient and family. The process of becoming ill.

Unit 2.4. Relationship of healthcare with the patient in different situations: chronic patients, surgical patients, hospitalized patients, the patient before death.

Unit 2.5. Relationship of healthcare to the patient according to their developmental stage. The case of children and the elderly.

Teaching and learning activities

Methodology and training activities Section 1

  • The course is usually taught through theoretical sessions (lectures) and practical sessions.
  • The content of the lectures will be developed through main topics and concepts of the detailed course on the syllabus. The practical classes will be based mainly on the critical reading of articles, using exercises which familiarize students with some websites of interest to the course (e-learning) and group tutorials for guidance on conducting practical work.

Methodology and training activities Section II

  • This second part of the course is usually taught through theoretical sessions (master class) although class participation will be encouraged. The content of the lectures will consist of the main topics and concepts of the units which are detailed in the course syllabus. Readings and audiovisual material support are used to go into depth on the topics.
METHODOLOGYCOMPETENCESECTS CREDITS
Mater Class
Critical Reading
Project Based Learning
Group Tutorials
Virtual Learning
10. B 11. E 13. G 16. G 1. G 24. G 2. E 3. E 4. B 5. G 6. E 9. E 4

Evaluation systems and criteria

Final written exam: the content of the two Sections of the course will be assessed through multiple choice questions and / or short questions. This test represents 50% of the final mark for the course. It is essential to pass this exam to pass the course.

Written work on Section I of the course: the content, appropriateness of objectives, compliance with the guidelines given at the beginning of the course, methodology, job search information, business planning, presentation and written expression, originality and creativity will be valued. Evaluation of each of the group members are also taken into account. Failure to submit the same without justification amounts to failure in practice. The score of this work accounts for 20% of the overall mark of the course.

Doing exercises in Moodle: will involve 10% of the overall mark of the course.

Evaluation of the standard patient practice: it will be evaluated jointly in the ECOE exam (in LBSII) it will have a value of 20%

For students who take the solidarity practicum:

- The overall mark of the course assessment (mentioned above) will count as 85% of the total and 15% applies to the solidarity practicum. It is an essential requirement to apply these percentages, having previously passed the overall mark of the evaluation of the course.

-The Evaluation of the solidarity practicum will take place: by the NGO or foundation where such practices are conducted and by performing a reflective journal (corrected by the coordinator of the course to which the practicum is associated).

FIRST RESIT:

For this resit, the marks of the passed parts of the 1st examination are counted and only the parts of the exam that were failed shall be re-taken. The theoretical exam will consist of a written 'test' with multiple choice questions, but may also have short questions. It will be essential to pass this part to pass the course. If failed on first examination of the continuous evaluation, you can recuperate it with the work that is indicated, but students must pass by more than 5 out of 10.

Honors qualifications will not be awarded during retakes.

Second and third resits, and if they are necessary, fourth and fifth (extraordinary cases)

The evaluation of the 1st and 2nd resits and if necessary, the 3th and 4th (if granted) will be equal to the 1st examination and 1st resit but in any case no mark of the previous year will be counted.

LEADERSHIP PROJECT

The final grade of this subject will be affected by the non-attendance to any of the 3 leadership tutorials of each semester in the following proportion: 0.5 points if missing in the 3 occasions; 0.4 points if you miss 2 tutorials and 0.3 if you miss 1 tutorial. This rule will apply to approved students and unca will be subject to suspension of the subject.

Bibliography and resources

Bibliography and resources Unit I

Caja López, C. Enfermería Comunitaria III: Atención Primaria. Manuales de enfermería (2 ed.). Barcelona, etc: Masson, 2003. 

Frías Osuna, A. Enfermería comunitaria. Barcelona: Masson, 2000.

García Suso, A; Vera Cortés ML; Campo Osaba MA. Enfermería Comunitaria: Bases teóricas. (2 ed.). Madrid: Difusión Avances de Enfermería, 2002.

Mazarrasa, A; Germán, B;  Sánchez M.; Sánchez G; Merelles T y Aparicio R. Salud Pública y Enfermería Comunitaria. Volúmen I. Madrid: McGraw-Interamericana, 1996. 

Martín Zurro, A; Cano Pérez J.F. Atención Primaria. Conceptos, organización y práctica clínica. (3ª ed.). Barcelona: Elsevier, 2010

 

Bibliography and resources Unit II

LLor, B. Ciencias Psicosociales Aplicadas a la Salud. Ed: Interamericana. 1998.

Nieto J, Abad MA, Esteban M, Tejerina M. Psicología para Ciencias de la Salud. Estudio del comportamiento humano ante la enfermedad. Ed: McGraw-Hill.Interamericana. 2004.

Bimbela JL. Cuidando al profesional de la salud. Habilidades emocionales y de comunicación. Ed: Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública. Consejería de salud. 2005.

Evaluation period

E: exam date | R: revision date | 1: first session | 2: second session:

  • E1 22/05/2020 10:00h
  • R1 19/06/2020 09:00h
  • E2 06/07/2020 12:00h
  • R2 14/07/2020 11:00h
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