Universitat Internacional de Catalunya

Community Dentistry

Community Dentistry
3
10472
5
Second semester
OB
Main language of instruction: Spanish

Other languages of instruction: Catalan, English

Teaching staff


Those students who wish to discuss any matter with lecturers may arrange a meeting after class or via e-mail.

ecots188018@uic.es 

Introduction

 

Name of subject: Community Dentistry

Course code: 10472

Type of subject: Mandatory

 

Responsible: Esther Cots Coromines and Javier Mareque Bueno.

Community Dentistry knowledge are increasingly required to practice dentistry care level.

The study Dentistry society is like a patient, studying different methods to promote oral health and prevent oral diseases, both individually and collectively.

Community Dentistry discipline is responsible for the prevention and treatment of oral health problems in the community, not only aimed at preventing the disease, but also to restore health and is related to the general health services planning and management

Pre-course requirements

It is convenient to have made the subject of epidemiology and statistics.

Regarding languages, you must be able to read English and Catalan, as part of the additional bibliography and some material that can be used for carrying out the activities of the subject, may be in these languages.

Objectives

The overall objective of the course is that students achieve the necessary skills to tackle the problems of oral health and its determinants from the perspective of the population, and to promote and restore oral health through Community actions and through access to services protection and health promotion

Competencies

  • 17 - Understanding and recognising the principles of ergonomics and safety at work (including the control of cross infection, radiation protection and occupational and biological diseases).
  • 20 - Obtaining and creating a medical record containing all the relevant information.
  • 21 - Knowing how to undertake a full dental exam, including the necessary X-ray and complementary exploratory tests, as well as obtaining suitable clinical references.
  • 22 - Having the ability to make an initial diagnostic judgement and establish a reasonable diagnostic strategy, as well as being competent in recognising situations that require urgent dental treatment.
  • 23 - Establishing a diagnosis, prognosis and suitable treatment planning for all the different clinical areas of Dentistry, being competent in terms of the diagnosis, prognosis and writing up the dental care plan for patients who require special care, including medically compromised patients (such as diabetics, those with hypertension, a depressed immune system or are anticoagulated, etc) and patients with disabilities.
  • 26 - Knowing how to plan and undertake multidisciplinary, sequential and comprehensive dental treatment of limited complexity for patients of all ages and conditions and for patients who require special care.
  • 27 - Outlining and proposing suitable preventative measures for each clinical situation.
  • 28 - Acquiring clinical experience under suitable supervision.
  • 29 - Recognising the underlying causes of dental health in the population, whether genetic, lifestyle, demographic, environmental, social, economic, psychological or cultural.
  • 30 - Recognising the role of the dentist in actions to prevent and protect against oral diseases, as well as the maintenance and promotion of good health, both at an individual level and a community level.
  • 31 - Knowing about the National Healthcare System, as well as the basic aspects of healthcare legislation, clinical management and the correct use of healthcare resources, and understanding the importance of the role of the dentist in the field of Primary Healthcare
  • 35 - Knowing the scientific principles of sterilisation, disinfection and the antiseptics necessary to prevent cross-infection in dental practice
  • 36 - Knowing the danger of ionising radiation and its impact on biological tissue, as well as the legislation that regulates its use. Knowing how to manage dental radiodiagnostic facilities
  • 37 - Undertaking the x-rays that are necessary in dental practice, interpreting the images obtained and learning about other important image-based diagnosis techniques
  • 38 - Being aware of clinical and laboratory-based procedures and diagnostic tests, knowing their reliability and diagnostic viability and being competent in interpreting the results
  • 40 - Identifying the main reason for the consultation and the history of the current disease. Creating a general medical record and a clinical record which accurately reflect the patient's notes
  • 44 - Knowing about and being able to use the basic tools and equipment for dental practice
  • 45 - Applying the principles of ergonomics to dentistry work, both at an individual level and a work-group level where appropriate, also in terms of the principles of the prevention of work-related accidents in dental practice
  • 46 - Providing a comprehensive approach to oral care and applying principles to promote good oral health and the prevention of oral and dental diseases
  • 47 - Educating and motivating patients in the area of oral and dental diseases, controlling pathogenic oral habits,
  • 48 - Being aware of the effects of tobacco on oral health and participating in measures which help patients who want to give up their smoking habit. Also, knowing about the complex interaction between the environmental, social and behavioural factors related to oral and general health
  • 49 - Knowing the procedures to carry out an oral healthcare diagnosis in the community and how to interpret the results
  • 50 - Knowing the repercussions demographic and epidemiological trends have in terms of dental practice
  • 51 - Knowing about the organisation and provision of oral healthcare in the community, both private and public, as well as general healthcare and the role of the dentist in these fields
  • 52 - Creating and carrying out oral healthcare programmes and knowing about the inter-institutional and inter-professional coordination that is required to do so
  • 55 - Recognising that the patient is the centre of attention and that all the interaction, including the prevention, diagnosis, planning and carrying out of the treatment and maintenance, and must support their best interests, always avoiding any type of discrimination and respecting confidentiality
  • 63 - Having knowledge of human nutrition, particularly the connection between nutritional habits or diet with the maintenance of good health and the prevention of oral and dental diseases
  • 66 - Taking and interpreting x-rays and other image-based procedures that are important in dental practice
  • 67 - Creating diagnostic models, setting them up and taking inter-occlusal registrations
  • 81 - Evaluating and treating patients with caries or other dental non-carious pathologies and being able to use all the material required for restoring the shape, function and aesthetics of the tooth in patients of all ages

Learning outcomes

Community Dentistry knowledge are increasingly required to practice dentistry care level.

The study Dentistry society is like a patient, studying different methods to promote oral health and prevent oral diseases, both individually and collectively.

Community Dentistry discipline is responsible for the prevention and treatment of oral health problems in the community, not only aimed at preventing the disease, but also to restore health and is related to the general health services planning and management

 

  • 1.03 - Diagnose, treat and prevent the most common infections in dentistry
  • 2.13 - Know the general handling of materials and dental instruments
  • 2.15 - Know and use basic instrumentation and equipment for the dental practice
  • 2.34 - Perform radiographs for the correct diagnosis of caries
  • 2.36 - Make diagnostic tests to determine the risk of caries
  • 2.37 - Advertise preventive treatment based on caries risk

Syllabus

  1.     Tema 1 Introduction. General concepts of community health
        Tema 2 Community dentistry
        Tema 3 Health Education
        Tema 4 Health planning I
        Tema 5 Health planning II
        Tema 6 Health planning II
        Tema 7 Quantitative research
          Statistics
        Tema 8 Epidemiology applied in dentistry
        Tema 9 Study design I
        Tema 10 Study design II
        Tema 11 Cualitative research
        Tema 12 Health models
          Health models
        Tema 13 Social Odontology
        Tema 14 Environmental health
          Occupational health in dentistry. Biosecurity
           

Teaching and learning activities

In person



The work plan for the course consists of group discussions, theoretical and practical experience, reading and critical analysis of literature presentations.

Evaluation systems and criteria

In person



The evaluation will be individually and continuously. The final grade for the course will be set from the following items:

10% Attendance to all sessions and group discussions (10% if all sessions are attending; 5% if they attend 11 of the 15 meetings, 0% if you attend less than 11 sessions)

10% Rating deliverable 1.

20% Rating deliverable 2.

10% Rating deliverable 3.

50% exam grade.

Bibliography and resources

  • Daly B, Batchelor P. Essential dental public health. 2ned.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.Jiménez Villa J, Argimon Pallàs JM, Martín Zurro A, Vilardell Tarrés M, editores. Publicación científica biomédica: Cómo escribir y publicar un artículo de investigación. Barcelona: Elsevier España, 2010.
  • Cuenca E,  Baca P. Odontología Preventiva y Comunitaria: principios, métodos y aplicacines. 3a ed. Barcelona: Masson, 2005.
  • Gluck G, Morangstein W. Jong’sCommunity Dental Health. 5th ed. 2011 Mosby.
  • Brian A.Burt , Stephen A. Eklund. Dentistry,  Dental Practice & the Community. 6th ed. St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders,  2005.
  • Mason J. Concepts in dental públic Health. 2ned. Philadelphia:  Masson, 2010 
  • Gordis L. Epidemiología. 3ª ed. Ediciones. Madrid: Elsevier, 2005
  • Szklo M, Nieto J. Epideimiología intermedia: Conceptos y Aplicaciones. Díaz de Santos; 2003.
  • Gofin J, Gofin R. Salud comunitaria global. Principios, métodos y programas en el Mundo. Barcelona: Elsevier España; 2012