Universitat Internacional de Catalunya

Trauma and Surgical Emergencies and Anaesthesia

Trauma and Surgical Emergencies and Anaesthesia
Second semester
Main language of instruction: Catalan

Other languages of instruction: English, Spanish,

Teaching staff

You can contact by email the director of the Master Dr. Jordi Castillo (jcastillo@uic.es)


This subject addresses the theoretical study of the main acute pathological processes (and acute complications of chronic processes) in surgery and trauma, both in their pathophysiological and clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic aspects, as well as sedoanalgesia and anesthesia in emergencies and emergencies.

It includes theoretical and practical training in emergency ultrasound and in performing invasive techniques in emergencies and emergencies.

Pre-course requirements

There are no prerequisites for taking this subject

Competences/Learning outcomes of the degree programme

  • CN02RA - Identify the main aspects and data of greatest clinical relevance to establish effective communication in the case of urgent pathology, taking into account the psychological dimension of suffering of the patient and family.
  • CN03RA - Identify the risks associated with procedures, diagnostic and therapeutic techniques in emergencies, considering the safety of the patient and that of other professionals.
  • CP04RA - Evaluate clinical findings that indicate vital risk or serious functional threat to a patient to establish a priority of actions, adapting available resources and ensuring quality in their care.
  • CP05RA - Readjust care and modify care planning through continuous evaluation of the patient in urgent and emergency situations.
  • CP07RA - Apply in an agile and decisive manner the action protocols and clinical practice guides in the most serious or prevalent processes in urgent care and emergencies.
  • CP08RA - Intervene decisively, precisely and effectively in the application of invasive and non-invasive therapeutic techniques used in emergencies.
  • CP09RA - Develop the necessary skills to adequately care for any patient, respecting the fundamental rights of equality between men and women, and the promotion of human rights as well as the values ​​of a culture of peace and democratic values ​​that include the promotion of inclusive, non-discriminatory language free of stereotypes.
  • HB01RA - Formulate judgments based on incomplete or limited information that adjust to the reality of the clinical case to establish the necessary parameters of action.
  • HB09RA - Analyze the risks associated with procedures, diagnostic and therapeutic techniques in emergencies to develop them in conditions of maximum safety for the patient and other professionals.

Learning outcomes of the subject

  • Know the fundamentals, indications, and complications of analgesia, sedation, and relaxation in emergencies and emergencies.     
  • Knows the etiology, pathophysiology, clinic, and approach to musculoskeletal trauma emergencies: limb fractures, dislocations, sprains, acute muscle-tendon pathologies, cervicalgia, painful shoulder, brachialgia, back pain, lumbago, knee pathology.     
  • Knows the etiology, pathophysiology, clinic, and approach to other trauma emergencies: traumatic brain injury, spinal cord trauma, chest trauma, abdominal trauma, pelvic trauma.     
  • Know the fundamentals, indications, and complications of compression and functional bandages, plaster and metallic splints, immobilization devices for transfer     
  • Know the fundamentals and indications in the traumatic pathology of antithrombotic prophylaxis in the immobilized patient, tetanus, rabies, and antibiotic prophylaxis in traumatic injuries.     
  • Knows the etiology, pathophysiology, clinic, and approach to general surgical emergencies: acute abdomen, bile duct obstruction, intestinal obstruction/perforation, pancreatitis, appendicitis, hernia incarceration, hemorrhoidal crisis, abscesses.     
  • Know the fundamentals, indications, and complications of wound healing and sutures, bite treatment, burn treatment.     
  • Knows the etiology, pathophysiology, clinic, and approach to emergencies by physical and chemical agents: burns, electrocution, near-drowning, acute poisonings, drug deprivation, blast wave pathology, crush pathology, heat pathology, pathology by cold.     
  • Know the etiology, pathophysiology, clinic, and approach to the main emergencies of other medical-surgical specialties: otorhinolaryngological, ophthalmological.     
  • Knows how to interpret: fundamental ultrasound in emergencies.     
  • Knows how to interpret fundamental radiology in emergencies: conventional radiology, CT, MRI.     
  • Know the fundamentals, indications, and complications of bladder catheterization, nasogastric and orogastric catheterization, gastric lavage.     
  • Know the fundamentals, indications, and complications of peripheral venous canalization, intraosseous canalization, central venous canalization.     
  • Know the fundamentals, indications, and complications of nasal tamponade.     


Analgesia, sedation, relaxation, and anesthesia in the emergency department

  • Assessment of pain and agitation in the emergency department     
  • Analgesia in the emergency room     
  • Sedation in the emergency room     
  • Rapid intubation sequence in the emergency department     
  • Locoregional blocking techniques in emergencies     

Traumatology and rheumatology emergencies

  • General aspects of fractures.     
  • Basic principles of treatment of traumatic injuries     
  • General complications of fractures. Open fractures. Compartment syndrome.     
  • Craniofacial fractures     
  • Vertebral fractures and dislocations.     
  • Acute disc pathology     
  • Musculotendinous traumatic pathology of upper limb     
  • Upper limb fractures and dislocations     
  • Musculotendinous traumatic pathology of the lower limb     
  • Lower limb fractures and dislocations     
  • Traumatic knee pathology     
  • Pelvic fractures     
  • Rib fractures. Clavicular fractures     
  • Management of reimplantable amputations     
  • Cervico-brachialgia. Lumbo-ciatalgia     
  • Arthritis. Bursitis. Necrotizing fasciitis. Osteomyelitis     
  • Acute complications of chronic rheumatologic pathology     

Emergency Radiology in Traumatology

Ultrasound in the ER

Functional bandages and immobilizations in the emergency department

Emergencies due to physical and chemical agents

  • Burns. The Great Burned Patient     
  • Electrocution     
  • Crush syndrome     
  • Shock wave syndrome     
  • Hypothermia. Freezing     
  • Heat pathology     
  • drowning     
  • Accidents due to immersion.     
  • Altitude sickness     


  • General management of the intoxicated patient in the emergency department     
  • Smoke inhalation syndrome. CO poisoning, Cyanide poisoning.     
  • Intoxication by alcohol and derivatives     
  • Antidepressant poisoning     
  • Sedative and hypnotic poisoning     
  • NSAID poisoning. AAS poisoning. Paracetamol poisoning     
  • Drug abuse poisoning     
  • Caustic poisoning     
  • Hydrocarbon poisoning     
  • Pesticide poisoning     
  • Mushroom poisoning     
  • Bite of poisonous animals.     

Surgical emergencies

  • General assessment of wounds. Treatment of wounds in the emergency department.     
  • Stab and firearm injuries     
  • Suture techniques     
  • Incision and drainage of abscesses     

Ophthalmic Emergencies

  • Ophthalmological examination in the emergency department. Slit-lamp.     
  • Conjunctivitis. Episcleritis. Scleritis. Keratitis Corneal ulceration. Uveitis. Dacryocystitis. Stye. Orbital cellulitis.     
  • Retinal detachment     
  • Foreign body     
  • Eye trauma     
  • Acute glaucoma     
  • Management of red-eye in the emergency department.     
  • Addressing acute vision loss.     
  • Frequent drugs in ophthalmology      

Teaching and learning activities

In person

The following teaching methodologies will be used to develop the subject:

Theoretical class (CT) in the classroom: The teacher will present his syllabus with audiovisual help if he sees fit. In these activities, the student has a basically receptive role, although with the possibility of active participation individually or in groups.

Practical Workshop (TP). This training resource will be carried out mainly at the Comprehensive Advanced Simulation Center (CISA) available at the UIC. In this way, scenarios close to reality will be created in small groups of students, mainly oriented to the development of practical skills, using expository and interactive methodological resources such as role-play, group dynamics, and simulation resources.

Clinical Cases (CC). In the virtual classroom, activities scheduled for the student to solve clinical assumptions on their own or in teams, under the supervision of the teacher, thus contributing to advance in the practical application of the theoretical knowledge acquired and in The process of decision making.

Self-learning activities (AAP). For these activities, the UIC virtual platform "Moodle" will be your main tool. In it you will be able to find different resources (study material, discussion forums, multimedia resources ...) and various activities (evaluation questionnaires, carrying out tests ...) designed for the student to advance on his own, tutored by the teacher, in the development of its fundamentally theoretical competences.

Individual student activity (AIA). Outside or inside the academic space, activities carried out autonomously by the student tutored by the teachers, to achieve the objectives of the program.

Evaluation systems and criteria

In person


There will be a mixed evaluation that will have 3 components:

1) Class participation and attendance (10%)

2). Bandages Workshop. Online exercise (15%)

 . Emergency Ultrasound Workshop. Online exercise (15%)

3) Theoretical examination of the subject (60%)

The student must obtain a minimum score of 4 points in each of the components of the evaluation of the subject. To pass the subject, you must get at least a 5.


Those students who do not exceed the minimum of 4 points in any of the aforementioned evaluations will have to appear at the second call of these parts. The approved parts will be kept with the grade obtained on the first call.

To pass the subject, you must get at least a 5.

Bibliography and resources

They will be in the Virtual Platform "Moodle". Each teacher will generate their bibliography and resources depending on the subject taught.