Universitat Internacional de Catalunya

Structural Calculation II

Structural Calculation II
5
7998
3
Second semester
OB
Technical Module
Structures 2
Main language of instruction: Spanish

Other languages of instruction: Catalan, English

Teaching staff


Por correo electrónico

Samuel Molist       smolist@uic.es

Pedro Casariego    pcasariego@uic.es

Cualquier lunes y miércoles lectivo al finalizar la clase y concretando cita previa por mail.

Introduction

Structures 2 focuses mainly on the resolution of steel structures, from an initial approach to the choice of structural typology, simplification, resolution and results.

We have established an ordered working methodology which, through successive simplifications and a reasonable amount of time, will give an idea of the structural behaviour of the initial approach. In other words, an understanding of general behaviour will be more important in achieving a good structural approach than knowing the stress state of each individual section.

Pre-course requirements

-Fiscal area and burden-sharing

-Planning the force equilibrium of a beam

-Finding reactions, shearing and bending moments

-Understanding the basic bending moments of hyperstatic structures

Objectives

At the end of the course, students should be able to resolve simple isostatic steel structures, planning the force equilibrium for each mode and bar, extrapolating the stresses to which the structure is subjected, and representing this data in graphs.

Once the graphs have been completed, students should be capable of pre-dimensioning them with textbook metal profiles, using current regulations. Basically this requires knowledge of pre-dimensioning of beams (to bending and shear test) and pillars (with or without buckling).

As well as learning about steel structures, students should also acquire the minimum basic knowledge for planning wooden structures.

Competencies

  • 12-T - Ability to conceive, calculate, design, integrate in buildings and urban complexes and execute building structures
  • 17 - Ability to apply building and technical standards
  • 24 - To acquire adequate knowledge of the mechanics of solids, continuous medium and soil as well as the plastic, elasticity and resistance properties of materials for structural works

Learning outcomes

At the end of this course, students should be able to:

-Draw accurate stress diagrams with the relevant signs

-Distinguish between tangential and normal stresses

-Identify the stresses generated by forces in different parts of a bar and for different types of sections (essentially laminated and circular profiles)

-Pre-dimension 3D metal structures using isostatic models and occasionally simplified hyperstatic ones

-Have sufficient knowledge to correctly plan wooden structures

Syllabus

- BLOCK 1 – THEORY AND PRACTICAL EXERCISES

- BLOCK 2 – PRACTICAL APPLICATION TO THE PROJECT

BLOCK 1

Explanations of the theoretical topics making up the Structures II course will be combined with practical exercises in class involving the direct application of what has been taught.

1 – Introduction + REGULATIONS – Axial Force

2 – Bending Force

3 – Shear Force and Torque

4 – Pure Bending

5 – Complex Unsymmetrical Bending

6 – Buckling I – Unstable supports

7 – Buckling II – Unstable supports

8 – Plastic Calculation (axial and bending)

9 – Joints and welds steel

10 - Introduction to the calculation of wooden structures

BLOCK 2

This section will put into practice the knowledge acquired in the theory classes by applying it to the project that students have been developing in the PROJECTS course. Thus part of the project that involves a metal (preferably) or wooden structure will be taken in order to find a solution (equilibrium – diagrams – dimensioning) until reaching executive project level for the selected section.

1 – Presentation of structural proposal on the student’s own project

2 – Axial force in the project: presentation of pre-dimensioned metal/wooden pillar

3 – Bending force in the project: presentation of pre-dimensioned beam

4 – Shear force and torque in the project: presentation of detail of the anchoring, pins, etc.

5 – Buckling: presentation of a pillar calculated for buckling

6 – Examination-type beam assignments

7 – Examination-type ‘tubing’ assignments

8 – Presentation of executive Structures project. Review of subject matter and any queries about the examination

Teaching and learning activities

In blended



A structure is usually subjected to a set of complex external actions that we need to simplify and classify into simple hypotheses to later combine. However also the structure is usually complex and the links are hybrid (rarely perfect joints and recesses) and therefore should also be simplified to have a manageable bar system that allows us to obtain laws of effort that are graphically representable of simple and interpretable form.

Only in this way will we be able to tension the sections of the bars and obtain catalog profiles using the criteria established in the different regulations.

The subject is divided into two blocks:

Block 1 teaches the theory of the calculation of stresses and stresses applied to metal structures, as well as deformations. During the face-to-face theoretical part it will be alternated with practical exercises for the assimilation of concepts. It is a theoretical-practical block.

Block 2 is a practical exercise for solving a simple three-dimensional metal structure, which will start from work on the subject of projects. The student who does not study the subject of projects of the current year will be assigned a structure of constructed architecture that is representative. Virtual corrections will be combined with face-to-face corrections, and the concepts learned in block 1 must be applied.

The final virtual or face-to-face exam according to circumstances will consist of a theoretical part (TEST) referring to block 1 and a practical part referring to block 2, with the resolution of two small metal structures in 3d.

TRAINING ACTIVITYCOMPETENCESECTS CREDITS
Class exhibition 12-T 15-T 17 24 0,6
Class participation 12-T 15-T 17 24 0,6
Clase practice 12-T 15-T 17 24 0,6
Tutorials 12-T 15-T 17 24 0,6
Individual or group study 12-T 15-T 17 24 2,5
TRAINING ACTIVITYCOMPETENCESECTS CREDITS
Class exhibition
12-T 15-T 17 24 0,6
Class participation
12-T 15-T 17 24 0,6
Clase practice
12-T 15-T 17 24 0,6
Tutorials
12-T 15-T 17 24 0,6
Individual or group study
12-T 15-T 17 24 2,5

Evaluation systems and criteria

In blended



Evaluation will be continuous, assessing the level of participation, class attendance during the course, and the results of practical and theory tests during and at the end of the course. The virtual classes will have attendance control by connecting to the platforms used (collaborate).

The best of the following grades:

  1. Final theory and practical examination 60% + practical coursework 40%, or
  2. Final theory and practical examination 40% + practical coursework 60%

Class attendance +5% for grades of over 5.00

Minimum exam grade for averaging: 4.00

Minimum practical coursework grade for averaging: 4.00

 

ALL PRACTICAL EXERCISES SHOULD HAVE A MINIMUM CORRECTION IN CLASS BY ONE OF THE TWO TEACHERS TO BE EVALUATED. OTHERWISE THE MAXIMUM NOTE WILL BE A 4.00.

PRACTICAL EXERCICES DELIVERED AFTER THE DATE FIXED FOR DELIVERY (DAY OF EXAMINATION OF FIRST CALL) WILL HAVE A MAXIMUM NOTE OF 5.00, WHENEVER THEY HAVE A MINIMUM CORRECTION IN CLASS.

EXAMINATION 1: View UIC calendar

EXAMINATION 2: View UIC calendar

Bibliography and resources

Bibliografía básica:

    • MORÁN CABRÉ, F.: Análisis matricial de estructuras en ordenador, Ed. Rueda.
    • ARGUELLES ÁLVAREZ, R.:La estructura metálica hoy, Librería Técnica Bellisco. Tomo 1 vol. 1, y Tomo 1 vol. 2.
    • TORROJA MIRET, Eduardo: Razón y ser de los tipos estructurales, Madrid, Instituto Eduardo Torroja de la Construcción y del Cemento, 1976.

 

  • NAVÉS VIÑAS, F; LLORENS SULIVERA, M; Càlcul d'estructures, Publicacions Aula d'Arquitectura, Ed. UPC
  • LÓPEZ ALMANSA, F; URBANO SALIDO, J; Càlcul d'estructures introducció, Publicacions Aula d'Arquitectura, Ed. UPC

 

Normativas de cumplimiento obligado:

  • Código Técnico de la edificación:
    • DB-SE Seguridad estructural
    • DB-SE AE Acciones en la edificación
    • DB-SE A Acero
    • DB-SE M Madera
  • Código Estructural 2021 (since 10 November 2021)

Otras normativas:

  • Eurocode 1: Actions on structures
  • Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures
  • Eurocode 5: Design of timber structures

Teaching and learning material