Diploma en Odontología Legal y Forense

Type of programme
Specialization courses
Duration
between 13-01-2022 and 02-07-2022
Credits
8 ECTS
Price
€250.00 / ECTS x 8 = €2,000.00. *Prices corresponding to the 2021-2022 academic year.
Places
Limited
Schedule
*Online activities: Thursdays, 9 to 11 p.m. *On-site activities: Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Language
Spanish (secondary language: English)
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Forensic Dentistry is the study of resolving legal problems by applying dental knowledge. This science has an ever-increasingly broader scope which covers issues raised in civil, criminal and labour law. Dental knowledge and techniques are used to resolve issues in these fields or else contribute towards their solution. Most cases require knowledge of dental trauma, dental prostheses, dental surgery or the basic science on which dental knowledge is based.

Dentistry plays a key role in human identification. It is necessary as much from the human as the legal perspective.   In cases of catastrophic events, the question of identification is one of the most relevant medical-legal issues. It is essential for the professionals involved in resolving such cases to know the appropriate techniques and protocols for both isolated and large-scale incidents.  

Even though dental identification needs to be used simultaneously alongside other identification techniques (fingerprints or forensic genetics), it offers the advantage of being a quick, effective, scientific and economical method of great importance to identification in major disasters.

Knowing the legal regulations governing the exercise of our profession is important for good medical practice in that professional complaints against dentists are rising on a daily basis making it even more important to be aware of the regulations governing dentistry.   

Timetable

Online activities: Thursdays, from January to June 2022

  • Dates:  13, 20 and 27 January; 3, 10, 17 and 24 February; 3, 10, 17 and 24 March; 14, 21, 28 April; 5, 12, 19 and 26 May; 2, 9 and 16 June
  • Timetable: 9 to 11 p.m.

On-site activities:

  • Dates: 27 June 2022 to 2 July 2022
  • Timetable: Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.

Course objectives

  1. To learn how to solve problems that arise in circumstances of disaster and major catastrophes as well as in isolated cases in which dentistry is necessary for solving the case.
  2. To gain experience of Interpol's forms from a dentistry perspective.
  3. To acquire adequate knowledge on the main aspects of human identification, criminology, forensic genetics, and forensic anthropology.
  4. To acquire knowledge of the methods to follow in cases of needing to identify living people, corpses, or human remains.
  5. To learn how to apply forensic techniques in cases required by the courts.
  6. To acquire knowledge about situations provided for in law in respect of the different forms of death, especially violent or criminally suspicious death.
  7. To learn the circumstances in which a post-mortem is compulsory.
  8. To acquire sufficient knowledge to be able to solve problems arising in relation to the administration of justice.
  9. To provide the necessary knowledge to be able to practice dentistry, especially the legal aspects of performing the profession.
  10. To appreciate the value of a clinical history as a document of interest for healthcare, scientific and medico-legal purposes.
  11. To know how to assess dental damage. Evaluation scales.
  12. To learn how to make a medico-legal assessment of malpractice in dentistry.
  13. To know the basic legislation as it applies to practicing the profession.
  14. To draw up expert reports.

Aimed at

Professionals related to Dentistry, Biology, Medicine and Criminology as well as members of the State security forces and bodies, Regional Police, health emergency centres, Civil Protection and emergencies staff, dental hygienists.

 

 

Course coordinators

  • Dra. Anna Hospital
  • Dr. Francisco Javier Güerri
  • Dr. José María Martínez-Calcerrada

 Curriculum

  1. Introduction to Forensic Dentistry. Learn about the origins of dentistry research within the framework of facts and factors that make the cause and effect of the law clear; as well as dentistry action and professional ethics. Evolution of forensic dentistry. 
  2. Thanatology. To differentiate the various causes of death, as well as the destructive and preservation processes of the cadaver. Cadaver phenomena. Dental autopsy techniques. Role of the dentist in medico-legal autopsies. 
  3. Forensic pathology. To raise awareness of the different injuries, how they are produced or caused, their study and manipulation.  Forensic pathology of interest to dentists. 
  4. Criminalistics. Establish the difference between criminalistics and criminology, as well as raise awareness of the methods and protocols that help in the identification and reconstruction of facts.  Reconstructive and comparative identification. Importance of dentistry in criminal research.  Cheiloscopy and rugoscopy.  Study of human bites, system to be used for the study.  Determination of age based on dental records. 
  5. Forensic anthropology. Raise awareness of the importance of anthropology and also establish a basis for knowledge in order to start to work on the identification of remains using dental anthropology. Determination of biological profile based on maxillary bones. Pathology, pseudopathology and taphonomy. 
  6. Legal dentistry. Legal rules to exercise dentistry. Professional responsibility. Medical record. Professional secrecy. Medical and legal documents.
  7. Organisation and management of Large Disasters.  Raising awareness of and teaching people how to act in a disaster in order to find a solution to the huge amount of chaos that ensues.  Medico-legal problems in disasters.  Action protocol.  Dental identification protocol. 

Practical work experience will be undertaken.  

  • System to be followed in the case of identifying catastrophes. 
  • Interpol disaster victim identification protocol. 
  • Filling in Interpol forms for identification purposes. 
  • Systems to be followed when studying a human bite. 
  • Study of maxillaries. Reconstructive and comparative identification.  Macroscopic dentistry photography. 
  • Methodology to undertake an expert report with a discussion of practical cases. 
  •  Psycho-forensic techniques to deal with a dental expert trial in court.  

1. Introduction to forensic dentistry

  • Concept and definition.
  • Importance and objectives.
  • History and current situation. 

2. Thanatology

  • Concept of death.
  • Diagnosis of certain death.
  • Types of death.
  • Legal and criminal classification of violent death.
  • Cadaveric phenomena.
  • Destructive processes of the corpse.
  • Natural processes for the conservation of corpses.
  • Artificial processes for eh conservation of corpses.
  • Thanatological medico-legal problems.
  • Natural death and violent death.
  • Clinical and judicial post-mortem.
  • Post-mortem techniques.
  • Post-mortem stages.
  • Odontostomatological post-mortems. 

3. Forensic pathology

  • Fatal injuries.
  • Non-fatal injuries.
  • Types of violent death.
  • Sudden death.
  • Bruises and contusions.
  • Asphyxia.
  • Injuries caused by explosions.
  • Injuries in carbonized bodies. Dental changes caused by fire.
  • Nuclear accidents.
  • Major toxic catastrophes and mass poisonings. Chemical weapons. 

4. Criminalistics

  • Overview of human identification.
  • Reconstructive and comparative identification.
  • Human identification: methods.
  • Fingerprinting.
  • The importance of dentistry in criminal investigation and human identification.
  • Cheiloscopy and rugoscopy.
  • Identification methods in the investigation of living beings, skeletons and fresh corpses.
  • Forensic genetics.
  • Medico-legal investigation of bites. Method to follow in its study.  

5. Forensic anthropology

  • Generic and specific investigation of skeletal remains.
  • Determining species, population group, size, gender.
  • Biological profile. 

6. Legal dentistry

  • Professional responsibility.
  • Medico-legal documentation.
  • Assessment of odontostomatalogical damage.
  • Medical confidentiality.
  • Expert evidence. 

7. Healthcare, organizational and medico-forensic problems in situations of major catastrophes

  • Procedures to follow in cases of identification in disasters
  • INTERPOL victim identification protocol
  • Completion of Interpol identification forms
  • Study of the maxillary. Reconstructive and comparative identification. Macro dental photography
  • Methodology for preparing an expert report with discussion of case studies
  • Psycho-forensic techniques for presenting an expert report in a court of law
  • Assessment of odontostomatological damage. Use of scales.

Programme:

1. INTRODUCTION TO FORENSIC DENTISTRY

  • Concept and definition.
  • Importance and objectives.
  • History and current context.

2. THANATOLOGY

  • The concept of death.
  • Diagnosis of certain death.
  • Types of death.
  • Legal and criminal classification of violent death.
  • Cadaveric phenomena.
  • Corpse decomposition processes.
  • Natural corpse conservative processes.
  • Artificial corpse conservative processes.
  • Natural death and violent death.
  • Clinical and medico-legal autopsy.
  • Autopsy techniques.
  • Forensic odontostomatology examination.

3. FORENSIC PATHOLOGY

  • Fatal and non-fatal injuries.
  • Contusions and tissue damage.
  • Asphyxia.
  • Injuries caused by a bladed weapon, firearm or explosion.
  • Burn injuries Dental changes due to exposure to fire.
  • Nuclear accidents.

4. FORENSIC SCIENCE

  • General information on human identification.
  • Reconstructive and comparative identification.
  • Human identification: Methods.
  • Dactiloscopy.
  • The importance of dentistry in criminal investigations and human identification.
  • Cheiloscopy and rugoscopy.
  • Identification methods in the investigation of living beings, skeletons and fresh corpses.
  • Forensic genetics.
  • Medico-legal examination of bite marks. Procedures to follow throughout the study.

5. FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY

  • Generic and specific examination of skeletal remains.
  • Determination of race, population group, size, sex.
  • Biological profile.

6. LEGAL DENTISTRY

  • Medical professional responsibility.
  • Medico-legal documents. Medical history Informed consent
  • Injury reports.
  • Dental malpractice.
  • Assessment of odontostomatological damage.
  • Medical confidentiality.
  • Expert evidence. Expert witness.
  • Expert reports.
  • Psycho-forensic techniques for presenting an expert report in a court of law.

7.  HEALTHCARE, ORGANISATIONAL AND FORENSIC MEDICAL PROBLEMS IN MAJOR DISASTERS

  • Healthcare: Role of the emergency coordination centre.
  • Triage, evacuation, emergency care.
  • EMS, fire brigade, civil protection and security forces: organisation and action plans.
  • Medico-legal issues in victims of major disasters.
  • Organisation, objectives and general principles of disaster victim identification (DVI) teams in major disasters.
  • Forensic procedure in the autopsy room.
  • Identification protocol in the event of a major disaster.       
  • Dental protocol in the event of a major disaster.
  • Interpol forms for dental identification.

 

 

 

 

Study programme and subjects 2021-2022

Subjects in course 1 Type Term ECTS
Diploma en Odontología Legal y Forense Type: OB Term: Annual ECTS: 8
  • ECTS: European Credit Transfer System
  • Term: calendar period
  • (a): subjects which are taught in English

Others

Lecturers and professors

  • Eneko Barbería Marcalain. Forensic pathologist. Deputy director of the Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences (IMLCF) of Catalonia (Tarragona). Lecturer at the Faculty of Medicine at Rovira i Virgili University.
  • David Bas Carné. Lawyer for the Administration of Justice of the Court of Los Realejos. Courts of Law of Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
  • Julia Bech Solà. Dentistry. Lecturer on the Postgraduate Degree in Oral Prosthetics at the Universitat Internacional de Catalunya.
  • Josep Carreras. Head of the Central Unit of the Mossos d’Esquadra’s Forensic Police Biological Laboratory.
  • Josep M. Casadesús Valbí. Forensic pathologist. Lecturer for the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Girona.
  • Josep Castellà García. Forensic pathologist. Head of the Pathology Service at the IMLCF of Catalonia.
  • Dolors Ceperuelo. Undergraduate Degree in Dentistry. Postgraduate Degree in Legal and Forensic Dentistry Lecturer at the Universitat Internacional de Catalunya.
  • Santiago Crespo Alonso. Forensic pathologist. Anthropology Service at the IMLCF of Catalonia.
  • Joaquim de Diego Martínez. Master’s Degree in Civil Protection and Emergency Management. Sergeant of the Mossos d’Esquadra (Catalan police force). Operational specialist support. Command centre (Police district: Girona)
  • Ignasi Galtés Vicente. Forensic pathologist. Head of Research and Teaching at the IMLCF of Catalonia.
  • Ángel García García. Psychologist. Chief Inspector of the Spanish National Police Force.
  • Oscar Heit. Specialist in legal dentistry. Full professor of dentistry at the Universidad Adventista del Plata Argentina. Forensic dentist for the Superior Court of Justice of Entre Rios.
  • Jaume Heredia. Emergency medical services physician.
  • Anna Hospital Ribas. Forensic pathologist. Undergraduate Degree in Dentistry. Specialist in forensic dentistry. Lecturer at the Universitat Internacional de Catalunya. Faculty of Dentistry. Diploma in Legal and Forensic Dentistry
  • Álex Martí Mato. Dentist. Oral surgery.
  • Carles Martin Fumadó. Forensic pathologist. Lecturer at the Universitat Internacional de Catalunya.
  • Helena Martínez Alcazar. Forensic pathologist. Affiliated with the Pathology Service. Anthropology at the IMLCF of Catalonia.
  • José M. Martínez-Calcerrada Collell. Bachelor’s Degree in Pharmacy. Master’s Degree in Biomedicine and Molecular Biology. Forensic pathology specialist at the IMLCF of Catalonia (Girona).
  • Alexandra Perez. Undergraduate Degree in Health Biology. Master’s Degree in Neuroscience. Postdoctoral degree from the Centre for Cardiovascular Genetics (IdIBGi).
  • Consuelo Pérez Luengo. Forensic pathologist. Director of the IMLCF of the Balearic Islands. Undergraduate Degree in Dentistry.
  • Maria del Mar Salvador. Medical specialist in the assessment of bodily injury. Dentistry.
  • Elisabeth Soler Gomis. Undergraduate Degree in Law. MBA. Dentistry.
  • Manel Subirats Roca. Clinical psychologist. Specialist in macro and forensic photography.
  • Robert Trench García. Head of the Central Identification Area of the Mossos d’Esquadra's Forensic Police Division.
  • Jesús Mantecón. Chief Constable of the National Police Corps Central Station. Lecturer in forensic science at the University of Barcelona (UB).
  • Rita Mantecón. Dentistry. Master's Degree in Paediatric Dentistry. Diploma in Legal and Forensic Dentistry.

Prerequisites & admissions

Prerequisites and admissions

To be professionals related to Dentistry, Biology, Medicine and Criminology as well as members of the State security forces and bodies, Regional Police, health emergency centres, Civil Protection and emergencies staff, dental hygienists.